SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2018-04-25
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/1711153310926313.6
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/173513303438856.8
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/175745275546098.8
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/171571251557315.7
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/171664931635225.9
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/176505616313579.8
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/174216404165526.6
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/178642528516508.2
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/172474812440688.4
General government servicesR MillionQ4/177613887480639.1
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/17430633042187008.3
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ4/17479717647007277.8
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/17846177813935.3
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/172351582378345.4
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/173895173854261.6
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/176521264690-0.3
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/17108678109065-1.1
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/17430905425884-0.1
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/172705932687291.2
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/176391356351451.8
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/171692091687861.1
General Government ServicesR MillionQ4/174787054770360.0
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/17287173028507342.0
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ4/17315723131331862.0
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/17284928527821557.2
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/1710050449836838.6
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ4/178940118636083.5
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/172703-12179
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/17-21698-5029
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ4/17472934546122387.3
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/17146146213806249.7
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/17139363112921358.2
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ4/17192887819120052.7
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/176366086341120.6
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ4/176221256111540.3
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/1710516-11956
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/17203-81
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/17319833031452352.4
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/179400579130993.9
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/179811569251485.5
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Feb/1899.0101.6
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Feb/18108.3106.83.6
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q4/17115.8115.8-0.1
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ4/1726.727.7
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q4/17415.9409.56.3
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Mar/18106.2105.83.8
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Feb/18105.2105.54.2
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/17441973401669
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ4/17422831430148
Of which: InterestR MillionQ4/172931456219
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/1719142-28479
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ4/17-34948-34222
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ4/17-15806-62701
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ4/174710353691
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ4/17-9465-38787
DomesticR MillionQ4/1721838-47792
LoansR MillionQ4/17-38-224
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ4/1721876-47568
ForeignR MillionQ4/1700
LiabilitiesR MillionQ4/175656892478
DomesticR MillionQ4/175720458695
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1755
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/175668960476
LoansR MillionQ4/171386641
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ4/17-870-2422
ForeignR MillionQ4/17-63633783
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1700
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/1700
LoansR MillionQ4/17-63633783
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ4/1731298-9010
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionFeb/1813152574190
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionFeb/18372485
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionFeb/1861059164578
Of which: InterestR MillionFeb/182153821837
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionFeb/18-2720
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionFeb/1870466-90387
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionFeb/1800
Net borrowing requirementR MillionFeb/1870466-90387
Treasury billsR MillionFeb/18-6379744540
Domestic government bondsR MillionFeb/182294412920
Other financing  (4)R MillionFeb/18-576-1411
Non-marketable bondsR MillionFeb/18-7040
Loan levyR MillionFeb/1800
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionFeb/1800
Use of cash balancesR MillionFeb/18-2903634339
Total financing (nsa)R MillionFeb/18-7046690387
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionFeb/1824800092520005
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionFeb/1822280122206778
BillsR MillionFeb/18300067304707
BondsR MillionFeb/1819279441902071
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionFeb/181691429039
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionFeb/184016049682
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionFeb/18510406507214
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionFeb/1813604651316135
Loan LeviesR MillionFeb/1800
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionFeb/183640995636
BillsR MillionFeb/182490484061
BondsR MillionFeb/181150511575
Floating rate bondR MillionFeb/1800
Loan leviesR MillionFeb/1800
Foreign DebtR MillionFeb/18215569217571
MarketableR MillionFeb/18211956213806
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionFeb/1800
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionFeb/184873249098
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionFeb/18163224164709
Non-marketableR MillionFeb/1836133765
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionFeb/182020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionFeb/18-241514-241514
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionFeb/18298477298477
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionFeb/18238079273570
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionFeb/18350056634572265.74
External positionR MillionFeb/18-21813-17360
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionFeb/18335600633551936.89
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionMar/18000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionMar/182572032655-28.20
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionMar/18585712578210-4.07
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionMar/182456952369197.62
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ4/17-17278-41885
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ4/17295049282332
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ4/17293589278145
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/175597250884
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/175540853726
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/171938923680
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/174845873666
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/1765555871
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/171655816062
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ4/176558
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/17106101
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/174143
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ4/175030313147
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ4/173170-58389
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ4/17-1354716234
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ4/17-14460-16802
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/179427583878
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ4/174093633315
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/17-39082-37848
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ4/17-533-33336
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/17-555449839
Reserve assetsR MillionQ4/17-14902-23744
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ4/17-3309028680
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionMar/184997950051
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionMar/18650646
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionMar/1821702159
GoldUS $ MillionMar/1853305317
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionMar/184182941929
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionMar/1800
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionFeb/18588070598366
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionFeb/189059480855
Total imports (nsa)R MillionFeb/1890162107978
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ4/1769137122
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1733343335
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1723242466
EquityR BillionQ4/1722012347
DebtR BillionQ4/17123119
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/1712595
Other investmentR BillionQ4/17504559
Reserve assetsR BillionQ4/17625667
LiabilitiesR BillionQ4/1763516035
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1718501916
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1735773192
EquityR BillionQ4/1725342148
DebtR BillionQ4/1710431044
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/1713795
Other investmentR BillionQ4/17788831
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ4/175621088
External debtUS $ MillionQ4/17173319163311
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USMar/1811.835611.8220
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Mar/1866.5066.53
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020175652255620

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change