SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2017-11-22
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/179109210327115.0
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ2/173170013187861.5
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/175380765234272.2
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/171516651509585.7
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/171647271617005.2
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/176265016168925.9
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/174069994071766.4
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/178413848071548.1
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/172402992332247.5
General government servicesR MillionQ2/177259937036187.3
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/17410373740262066.0
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ2/17458647944724475.9
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/17741426896513.1
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ2/172324022301812.0
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/17379277377901-2.2
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/1764676633310.8
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/171089751091010.0
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/17421775421117-1.3
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/172644922630401.2
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/176229196190231.1
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/171675651671090.9
General Government ServicesR MillionQ2/174742864750520.4
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/17281051027948200.4
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ2/17309236930730290.5
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/17271712826742486.0
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/179484299180106.0
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ2/17853649859675-0.2
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/1731872933
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/176598-35841
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ2/17452899344190245.6
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/17138126313292751.0
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/17132377712758530.0
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ2/17188455318631531.6
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/176332686320650.3
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ2/17610160614256-0.8
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/1753406774
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/17-5573-6677
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/17312774831095712.2
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/17936332905275-0.5
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/179717119418175.3
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Aug/17101.3101.0
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Sep/1798.497.2
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q2/17115.3115.60.1
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ3/1727.727.7
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q2/17403.4397.16.1
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Oct/17104.1103.84.8
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Sep/17103.4102.75.2
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/17394620435752
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ2/17408694400025
Of which: InterestR MillionQ2/172726455042
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/17-1407435727
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ2/17-32181-33350
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ2/17-462552377
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ2/1783432-31366
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ2/17-6397-20778
DomesticR MillionQ2/1730775-49762
LoansR MillionQ2/17-230-91
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ2/1731005-49672
ForeignR MillionQ2/1700
LiabilitiesR MillionQ2/1789828-10588
DomesticR MillionQ2/1791098-10477
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/17-55
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/1767879-16121
LoansR MillionQ2/17112211
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ2/17220975633
ForeignR MillionQ2/17-1269-111
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/1700
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/1700
LoansR MillionQ2/17-1269-111
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ2/1737177-28989
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionSep/17100827103368
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionSep/171113278
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionSep/17104490117920
Of which: InterestR MillionSep/171413220130
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionSep/170-14
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionSep/17-3663-14552
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionSep/1700
Net borrowing requirementR MillionSep/17-3663-14552
Treasury billsR MillionSep/17164638626
Domestic government bondsR MillionSep/17-379315545
Other financing  (4)R MillionSep/17-840-1399
Non-marketable bondsR MillionSep/1790-64
Loan levyR MillionSep/1700
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionSep/17338950
Use of cash balancesR MillionSep/17-42061-8220
Total financing (nsa)R MillionSep/17366314552
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionSep/1724188522362855
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionSep/1721122452101042
BillsR MillionSep/17285104273040
BondsR MillionSep/1718271411828002
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionSep/17022172
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionSep/17100561100561
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionSep/17428991426733
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionSep/1712975891278535
Loan LeviesR MillionSep/1700
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionSep/175847553986
BillsR MillionSep/174701542616
BondsR MillionSep/171146011370
Floating rate bondR MillionSep/1700
Loan leviesR MillionSep/1700
Foreign DebtR MillionSep/17248111207807
MarketableR MillionSep/17242888202703
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionSep/1700
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionSep/175580947577
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionSep/17187079155127
Non-marketableR MillionSep/1752245104
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionSep/172020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionAug/17-241514-241514
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionAug/17293119293119
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionSep/17235561266219
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionSep/17340273233662335.59
External positionR MillionSep/175858911658
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionSep/17330390832754366.72
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionOct/1700
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionOct/175346555055-21.07
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionOct/176762386541316.47
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionOct/172385252352886.26
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ2/17-18102-31261
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ2/17275004255914
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ2/17269719264620
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/174837754534
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/175410151732
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/171412623747
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/173945055724
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/1753965177
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/171635612321
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ2/176360
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/17103102
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/174042
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ2/17317637564
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ2/17-30424-9919
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ2/1738798994
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ2/17-9412-18402
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/177473025945
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ2/175841890565
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/17-59627-90924
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ2/17-3104-22241
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/17-2938840879
Reserve assetsR MillionQ2/17-189612667
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ2/1714863-6363
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionOct/174890349384
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionOct/17657661
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionOct/1720972110
GoldUS $ MillionOct/1751315189
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionOct/174101841424
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionOct/1700
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionSep/17666634613415
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionSep/17101761103373
Total imports (nsa)R MillionSep/179775997398
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ2/1762906068
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1728032591
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1722762245
EquityR BillionQ2/1721572132
DebtR BillionQ2/17119113
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/178695
Other investmentR BillionQ2/17507519
Reserve assetsR BillionQ2/17618618
LiabilitiesR BillionQ2/1756345622
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1718301842
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1729422879
EquityR BillionQ2/1719641947
DebtR BillionQ2/17978932
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/1792102
Other investmentR BillionQ2/17770799
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ2/17656447
External debtUS $ MillionQ2/17158533152128
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USOct/1713.675613.1345
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Oct/1759.7361.53
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020175652255620

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change