SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2017-05-25
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/161054089816313.64
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/1632254729815112.13
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/165193255279315.21
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/161463421450754.90
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/161559761526942.88
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/166058475929418.29
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/163998853945065.39
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/167962957890276.47
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/162236342269985.13
General government servicesR MillionQ4/166873186787866.80
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/16396257739042726.86
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ4/16443656843733176.93
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/166547065493-4.30
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/16223212230105-4.65
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/163814973845120.35
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/166412063738-2.21
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/161093161092120.50
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/164275474253060.88
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/162641132624311.54
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/166208556184701.72
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/161671421667341.37
General Government ServicesR MillionQ4/164759294749111.41
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/16279920128009120.49
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ4/16307753230798820.44
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/16263995225991916.75
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/169000208945375.26
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ4/168513758481461.18
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/16-22695278020.00
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/1625594239280.00
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ4/16439424643936044.49
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/16133298012877085.86
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/1612906581307995-1.92
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ4/16187598618658991.00
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/166347776342241.62
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ4/16612274609754-3.86
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/16-16402107990.00
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/16-7315-61210.00
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/1630993193114555-0.69
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/16912699886191-0.21
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/16934486920863-3.80
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2010 = 100Mar/17104.6105.30.00
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Mar/1797.698.00.00
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q4/16115.7115.9-0.16
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ4/1626.527.10.00
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q4/16390.3383.45.50
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Apr/17102.4102.35.35
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Apr/17101.6101.34.63
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/164069173845700.00
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ4/163816024078750.00
Of which: InterestR MillionQ4/1625864512120.00
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/1625316-233050.00
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ4/16-29663-300340.00
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ4/16-4347-533390.00
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ4/1669299221580.00
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ4/16-27669-366840.00
DomesticR MillionQ4/1637288-678590.00
LoansR MillionQ4/16-123-2230.00
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ4/1637411-676360.00
ForeignR MillionQ4/16000.00
LiabilitiesR MillionQ4/1696969588420.00
DomesticR MillionQ4/1659248590670.00
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/16550.00
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/1653454597950.00
LoansR MillionQ4/1611333090.00
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ4/164661-10370.00
ForeignR MillionQ4/1637721-2250.00
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/16000.00
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/16000.00
LoansR MillionQ4/1637721-2250.00
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ4/1664952-311810.00
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionMar/171347991197520.00
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionMar/17100.00
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionMar/17138650953770.00
Of which: InterestR MillionMar/1714484178490.00
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionMar/17-359-710.00
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionMar/17-3851243750.00
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionMar/17000.00
Net borrowing requirementR MillionMar/17-3851243750.00
Treasury billsR MillionMar/17-17864-158000.00
Domestic government bondsR MillionMar/1716780152190.00
Other financing  (4)R MillionMar/17-1582-14170.00
Non-marketable bondsR MillionMar/1717930.00
Loan levyR MillionMar/17000.00
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionMar/17000.00
Use of cash balancesR MillionMar/176517-223770.00
Total financing (nsa)R MillionMar/173851-243750.00
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionMar/17223278122258920.00
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionMar/17198162919625680.00
BillsR MillionMar/172499692513250.00
BondsR MillionMar/17173165917112420.00
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionMar/1745632477670.00
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionMar/171026961036260.00
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionMar/174036063995090.00
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionMar/17117972511603400.00
Loan LeviesR MillionMar/17000.00
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionMar/1738378547080.00
BillsR MillionMar/1727199437070.00
BondsR MillionMar/1711180110010.00
Floating rate bondR MillionMar/17000.00
Loan leviesR MillionMar/17000.00
Foreign DebtR MillionMar/172127542085970.00
MarketableR MillionMar/172067782027760.00
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionMar/17186718320.00
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionMar/1744694227610.00
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionMar/171602171781840.00
Non-marketableR MillionMar/17597658200.00
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionMar/1720200.00
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionMar/17-241514-3046530.00
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionFeb/172722652722650.00
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionMar/172009862098520.00
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionMar/17333104633105494.98
External positionR MillionMar/1741638-447500.00
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionMar/17319348931410935.64
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionApr/17000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionApr/17494173582330.49
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionApr/17603412610533-7.16
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionMar/172282942241734.08
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ4/16-4612-541020.00
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ4/162693512687200.00
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ4/162671072813630.00
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/1654999497680.00
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/1655892561190.00
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/1627187188540.00
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/1639637601910.00
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/16573866040.00
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/1612042122660.00
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ4/1661620.00
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/161001060.00
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/1639430.00
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ4/165644522550.00
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ4/16-19476-14450.00
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ4/16646270040.00
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ4/1680480-191680.00
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/1616270554500.00
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ4/161277131150060.00
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/16-129798-1161200.00
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ4/16-17470-224970.00
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/16-4781262530.00
Reserve assetsR MillionQ4/16-5375677720.00
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ4/16-109317850.00
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionApr/1746690465880.00
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionApr/176566500.00
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionApr/17204620250.00
GoldUS $ MillionApr/17509649990.00
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionApr/1738892389140.00
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionApr/17000.00
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionMar/176182546084000.00
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionMar/17101234872700.00
Total imports (nsa)R MillionMar/1789799824810.00
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ4/16569761090.00
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/16236526120.00
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/16205521890.00
EquityR BillionQ4/16193620680.00
DebtR BillionQ4/161191210.00
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/161031200.00
Other investmentR BillionQ4/165255320.00
Reserve assetsR BillionQ4/166486550.00
LiabilitiesR BillionQ4/16554057880.00
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/16187319360.00
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/16283729400.00
EquityR BillionQ4/16193820430.00
DebtR BillionQ4/168998970.00
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/161051250.00
Other investmentR BillionQ4/167267860.00
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ4/161563210.00
External debtUS $ MillionQ4/161428331430440.00
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USApr/1713.466212.93820.00
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Apr/1763.2466.160.00
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'000201655909550120.00

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change