SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2017-07-19
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ1/17103910105408
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ1/17310070322547
ManufacturingR MillionQ1/17523427519325
Electricity and waterR MillionQ1/17150958146342
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ1/17161652155976
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ1/17605211605847
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ1/17407176399885
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ1/17807154796295
Personal servicesR MillionQ1/17230366223634
General government servicesR MillionQ1/17687521687318
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ1/1739874453962577
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ1/1744395814436568
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ1/176883065470
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ1/17230019223212
ManufacturingR MillionQ1/17377901381497
Electricity and waterR MillionQ1/176333164120
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ1/17108964109316
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ1/17421117427547
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ1/17263040264113
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ1/17619023620855
Personal servicesR MillionQ1/17167109167142
General Government ServicesR MillionQ1/17475268475929
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ1/1727946012799201
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ1/1730724143077532
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ1/1726826142639952
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ1/17910186900020
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ1/17863640851375
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ1/17-3414-22695
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ1/17-6686725594
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ1/1743861594394246
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ1/1713292751332980
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ1/1712758531290658
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ1/1718650931875986
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ1/17633183634777
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ1/17613858612274
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ1/172749-16402
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ1/17-5929-7315
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ1/1731089563099319
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ1/17905275912699
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ1/17941817934486
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2010 = 100May/17100.3100.6
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Apr/1796.797.5
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q1/17115.6115.5-0.5
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ1/1727.726.5
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q1/17397.4389.26.6
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Jun/17102.9102.75.1
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100May/17102.1101.64.8
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ1/17435752406917
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ1/17400025381602
Of which: InterestR MillionQ1/175504225864
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ1/173572725316
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ1/17-33350-29663
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ1/172377-4347
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ1/17-3136669299
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ1/17-20778-27669
DomesticR MillionQ1/17-4976237288
LoansR MillionQ1/17-91-123
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ1/17-4967237411
ForeignR MillionQ1/1700
LiabilitiesR MillionQ1/17-1058896969
DomesticR MillionQ1/17-1047759248
Currency and depositsR MillionQ1/1755
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ1/17-1612153454
LoansR MillionQ1/17111133
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ1/1756334661
ForeignR MillionQ1/17-11137721
Currency and depositsR MillionQ1/1700
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ1/1700
LoansR MillionQ1/17-11137721
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ1/17-2898964952
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionMay/177746762857
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionMay/1715221499
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionMay/1793554100950
Of which: InterestR MillionMay/1733773392
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionMay/17-2250
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionMay/17-16087-38092
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionMay/17-4-374
Net borrowing requirementR MillionMay/17-16091-38467
Treasury billsR MillionMay/17-79013521
Domestic government bondsR MillionMay/171784013350
Other financing  (4)R MillionMay/17-4734-2511
Non-marketable bondsR MillionMay/17103119
Loan levyR MillionMay/1700
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionMay/17-2-634
Use of cash balancesR MillionMay/17377714741
Total financing (nsa)R MillionMay/171609138467
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionMay/1722848042262687
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionMay/1720269071998907
BillsR MillionMay/17253427249737
BondsR MillionMay/1717734801749170
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionMay/174563245632
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionJun/170102696
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionMay/17410851405990
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionMay/1712143001194852
Loan LeviesR MillionMay/1700
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionMay/174787252250
BillsR MillionMay/173647140951
BondsR MillionMay/171140111299
Floating rate bondR MillionMay/1700
Loan leviesR MillionMay/1700
Foreign DebtR MillionMay/17210005211510
MarketableR MillionMay/17204953206470
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionMay/1718471863
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionMay/174776244589
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionMay/17155344120291
Non-marketableR MillionMay/1750525041
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionMay/172020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionMay/17-241514-241514
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionFeb/17272265272265
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionMay/17219360219308
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionMay/17335238733244846.69
External positionR MillionMay/179818-763
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionMay/17321296431827675.98
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionJun/1700
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionJun/17498614508925.01
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionJun/17605570608596-9.96
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionJun/172309932292406.74
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ1/17-31261-4612
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ1/17255914269351
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ1/17264620267107
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ1/175453454999
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ1/175173255892
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ1/172374727187
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ1/175572439637
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ1/1751775738
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ1/171232112042
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ1/176061
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ1/17102100
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ1/174239
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ1/17375645644
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ1/17-9919-19476
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ1/1789946462
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ1/17-1840280480
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ1/172594516270
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ1/1790565127713
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ1/17-90924-129798
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ1/17-22241-17470
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ1/1740879-4781
Reserve assetsR MillionQ1/1712667-53756
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ1/17-6363-1093
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionJun/174735247242
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionJun/17663662
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionJun/1720772066
GoldUS $ MillionJun/1750095100
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionJun/173960439414
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionJun/1700
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionMay/17620237618010
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionMay/1710501991033
Total imports (nsa)R MillionMay/179552086061
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ1/1759675697
Direct investmentR BillionQ1/1725522365
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ1/1721762055
EquityR BillionQ1/1720541936
DebtR BillionQ1/17121119
Financial derivativesR BillionQ1/1795103
Other investmentR BillionQ1/17526525
Reserve assetsR BillionQ1/17618648
LiabilitiesR BillionQ1/1756785540
Direct investmentR BillionQ1/1718681873
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ1/1729092837
EquityR BillionQ1/1719771938
DebtR BillionQ1/17932899
Financial derivativesR BillionQ1/17102105
Other investmentR BillionQ1/17799726
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ1/17289156
External debtUS $ MillionQ1/17152793142833
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USJun/1712.896713.2679
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Jun/1764.6763.43
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020165590955012

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change