SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2016-10-19
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/16814741023580.8
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ2/163143172843969.7
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/165117814829958.2
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/161370481352775.4
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/161513451486653.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/165814115680448.5
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/163788023777753.9
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/167973927725358.9
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/162227562199155.7
General government servicesR MillionQ2/166587706471849.3
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/16383509637391447.7
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ2/16429083242100997.5
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/166668266821-6.5
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ2/16225875219658-4.5
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/163863553788962.6
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/166520865500-2.7
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/161093801093660.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/164249704234991.6
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/162610292591640.0
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/166188256143442.3
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/161642941639670.7
General Government ServicesR MillionQ2/164690524676921.2
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/16279167027689070.7
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ2/16306981730452290.7
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/16255867625081826.6
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/168823318689516.8
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ2/168561878453674.9
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/16-124533466
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/16-2442233322
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ2/16426032042592886.6
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/16136104412720069.8
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/16133053213211947.2
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ2/16185781518530831.0
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/166347316326101.5
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ2/16614389621745-3.3
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/16-227051228
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/16-19733-18312
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/1630644973090354-0.5
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/169350958970021.1
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/16929775942128-2.6
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2010 = 100Aug/16106.6108.4
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Jul/1691.692.6-1.6
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q2/16113.8114.90.3
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ2/1626.626.7
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q2/16375.9371.95.8
Consumer Prices (nsa)2012/12 = 100Sep/16123.2123.06.1
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2012 = 100Aug/16127.4127.57.2
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/16382758425203
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ2/16390389399096
Of which: InterestR MillionQ2/162525548314
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/16-763126107
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ2/16-26046-42566
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ2/16-33677-16459
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ2/16884519916
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ2/16-8838-27091
DomesticR MillionQ2/1645929-33634
LoansR MillionQ2/16-339-40
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ2/1646268-33594
ForeignR MillionQ2/1600
LiabilitiesR MillionQ2/169728937007
DomesticR MillionQ2/168564937251
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/1650
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/165797723637
LoansR MillionQ2/1652851
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ2/162714413563
ForeignR MillionQ2/1611640-244
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/1600
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/1600
LoansR MillionQ2/1611640-244
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ2/1654775-6543
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionAug/169985363580
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionAug/16337264
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionAug/16128581120512
Of which: InterestR MillionAug/161644516849
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionAug/16-13-22
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionAug/16-28728-56933
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionAug/160-198
Net borrowing requirementR MillionAug/16-28728-57131
Treasury billsR MillionAug/1673445701
Domestic government bondsR MillionAug/161543015402
Other financing  (4)R MillionAug/16-760-3544
Non-marketable bondsR MillionAug/161743
Loan levyR MillionAug/1600
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionAug/160-225
Use of cash balancesR MillionAug/16671439797
Total financing (nsa)R MillionAug/162872857131
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionAug/1621459482115732
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionAug/1618924921872662
BillsR MillionAug/16220195217900
BondsR MillionAug/1616722971654762
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionAug/165385053796
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionAug/1699209101039
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionAug/16395483395905
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionAug/1611237551104023
Loan LeviesR MillionAug/1600
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionAug/165234647280
BillsR MillionAug/164167336624
BondsR MillionAug/161067310656
Floating rate bondR MillionAug/1600
Loan leviesR MillionAug/1600
Foreign DebtR MillionAug/16201090195771
MarketableR MillionAug/16193008187922
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionAug/1620451991
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionAug/162907328305
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionAug/16161889157626
Non-marketableR MillionAug/1680827849
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionAug/162020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionAug/16-341297-341297
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionMay/16263445263445
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionAug/16192426183375
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionAug/16317615931721426.15
External positionR MillionAug/1624310-29423
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionAug/16307605030525425.48
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionSep/1600-100.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionSep/16665644994811.73
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionSep/166303656534380.39
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionSep/162223702186374.51
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ2/16-19108-62930
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ2/16276349240600
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ2/16270258270880
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/164972856074
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/165490552484
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/162117620558
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/164842059988
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/1655045942
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/161206014880
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ2/165761
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/16101104
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/164443
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ2/16512427562
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ2/16-7556-20483
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ2/1697409931
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ2/16-23967964
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/163299713495
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ2/1694402143585
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/16-103424-148867
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ2/16109115489
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/16-209212235
Reserve assetsR MillionQ2/1611914213
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ2/161392733315
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionSep/164724745708
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionSep/16669658
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionSep/1620832081
GoldUS $ MillionSep/1653265281
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionSep/163916937688
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionSep/1600
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionAug/16664283653001
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionAug/169023595526
Total imports (nsa)R MillionAug/169879790486
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ2/1662016149
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1625212454
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1623232304
EquityR BillionQ2/1621932180
DebtR BillionQ2/16130124
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/16132158
Other investmentR BillionQ2/16541545
Reserve assetsR BillionQ2/16684689
LiabilitiesR BillionQ2/1657385689
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1619612101
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1629022670
EquityR BillionQ2/1620351842
DebtR BillionQ2/16867828
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/16124150
Other investmentR BillionQ2/16751768
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ2/16463460
External debtUS $ MillionQ2/16132434129298
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USSep/1614.037013.7349
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Sep/1659.1260.26
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020165590955012

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change