SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2016-09-29
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/16814741023580.8
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ2/163143172843969.7
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/165117814829958.2
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/161370481352775.4
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/161513451486653.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/165814115680448.5
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/163788023777753.9
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/167973927725358.9
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/162227562199155.7
General government servicesR MillionQ2/166587706471849.3
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/16383509637391447.7
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ2/16429083242100997.5
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/166668266821-6.5
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ2/16225875219658-4.5
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/163863553788962.6
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/166520865500-2.7
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/161093801093660.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/164249704234991.6
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/162610292591640.0
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/166188256143442.3
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/161642941639670.7
General Government ServicesR MillionQ2/164690524676921.2
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/16279167027689070.7
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ2/16306981730452290.7
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/16255867625081826.6
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/168823318689516.8
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ2/168561878453674.9
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/16-124533466
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/16-2442233322
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ2/16426032042592886.6
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/16136104412720069.8
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/16133053213211947.2
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ2/16185781518530831.0
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/166347316326101.5
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ2/16614389621745-3.3
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/16-227051228
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/16-19733-18312
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/1630644973090354-0.5
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/169350958970021.1
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/16929775942128-2.6
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2010 = 100Jul/16108.4109.9
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Jul/1691.692.6-1.6
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q1/16114.8114.41.0
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ2/1626.626.7
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q1/16372.1368.16.1
Consumer Prices (nsa)2012/12 = 100Aug/16123.0123.15.9
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2012 = 100Aug/16127.4127.57.2
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/16382758425203
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ2/16390389399096
Of which: InterestR MillionQ2/162525548314
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/16-763126107
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ2/16-26046-42566
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ2/16-33677-16459
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ2/16884519916
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ2/16-8838-27091
DomesticR MillionQ2/1645929-33634
LoansR MillionQ2/16-339-40
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ2/1646268-33594
ForeignR MillionQ2/1600
LiabilitiesR MillionQ2/169728937007
DomesticR MillionQ2/168564937251
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/1650
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/165797723637
LoansR MillionQ2/1652851
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ2/162714413563
ForeignR MillionQ2/1611640-244
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/1600
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/1600
LoansR MillionQ2/1611640-244
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ2/1654775-6543
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionJul/1663580122014
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionJul/16264413
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionJul/1612051295069
Of which: InterestR MillionJul/161684916951
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionJul/16-220
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionJul/16-5693326945
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionJul/16-1980
Net borrowing requirementR MillionJul/16-5713126945
Treasury billsR MillionJul/1657015317
Domestic government bondsR MillionJul/161540215691
Other financing  (4)R MillionJul/16-3544-3082
Non-marketable bondsR MillionJul/1643207
Loan levyR MillionJul/1600
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionJul/16-2250
Use of cash balancesR MillionJul/1639797-44871
Total financing (nsa)R MillionJul/1657131-26945
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionJul/1621157322098974
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionJul/1618726621851810
BillsR MillionJul/16217900217238
BondsR MillionJul/1616547621634572
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionJul/165379653555
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionJul/16101039103724
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionJul/16395905397439
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionJul/1611040231079855
Loan LeviesR MillionJul/1600
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionJul/164728042197
BillsR MillionJul/163662431584
BondsR MillionJul/161065610613
Floating rate bondR MillionJul/1600
Loan leviesR MillionJul/1600
Foreign DebtR MillionJul/16195771204947
MarketableR MillionJul/16187922196250
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionJul/1619912079
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionJul/162830529558
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionJul/16157626164613
Non-marketableR MillionJul/1678498697
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionJul/162020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionJul/16-341297-341297
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionMay/16263445263445
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionAug/16192426183375
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionAug/16317615931721426.15
External positionR MillionAug/1624310-29423
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionAug/16307605030525425.48
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionAug/1600-100.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionAug/16499484505712.44
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionAug/166534386380638.31
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionAug/162186372211414.62
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ2/16-19108-62930
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ2/16276349240600
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ2/16270258270880
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/164972856074
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/165490552484
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/162117620558
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/164842059988
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/1655045942
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/161206014880
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ2/165761
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/16101104
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/164443
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ2/16512427562
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ2/16-7556-20483
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ2/1697409931
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ2/16-23967964
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/163299713495
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ2/1694402143585
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/16-103424-148867
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ2/16109115489
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/16-209212235
Reserve assetsR MillionQ2/1611914213
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ2/161392733315
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionAug/164570846157
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionAug/16658658
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionAug/1620812080
GoldUS $ MillionAug/1652815389
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionAug/163768838030
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionAug/1600
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionJul/16653001683849
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionJul/1695727105163
Total imports (nsa)R MillionJul/169050492688
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ1/1662396263
Direct investmentR BillionQ1/1625772531
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ1/1622542231
EquityR BillionQ1/1621282098
DebtR BillionQ1/16126133
Financial derivativesR BillionQ1/16158220
Other investmentR BillionQ1/16560567
Reserve assetsR BillionQ1/16689714
LiabilitiesR BillionQ1/1656945564
Direct investmentR BillionQ1/1620891972
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ1/1626872599
EquityR BillionQ1/1618611788
DebtR BillionQ1/16826811
Financial derivativesR BillionQ1/16150196
Other investmentR BillionQ1/16768796
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ1/16544699
External debtUS $ MillionQ1/16129159124132
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USAug/1613.734914.4232
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Aug/1660.2657.88
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020165590955012

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change