SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2018-10-23
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/181079731068665.3
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ1/183243713513300.1
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/185672765632804.4
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/181650711611936.4
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/181740791723277.3
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/186559216530226.2
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/184224254273513.9
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/188955838701667.0
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/182574222520197.0
General government servicesR MillionQ2/187931727591877.6
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/18438018242897826.3
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ2/18494375447760707.0
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/187024576567-1.9
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ2/18231638228869-1.1
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/183825643828060.2
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/186558965252-0.2
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/18108777108172-0.6
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/18425391427474-0.1
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/18267779271184-0.2
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/186439236408831.9
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/181700691697301.1
General Government ServicesR MillionQ2/184803214809541.0
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/18284629428518910.5
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ2/18313090931363560.5
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/18289938028759245.9
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/18104723810064718.0
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ2/188857448874072.6
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/18-74733216
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/188188118732
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ2/18490677047917507.2
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/18139842013337132.5
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/18136143513493933.0
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ2/18192695919335081.4
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/186399646388881.3
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ2/186159936168000.1
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/18-141728794
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/18-2072-4065
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/18316667131939240.4
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/189252208960871.2
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/189609829536560.8
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Aug/18102.2102.21.4
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Aug/18104.9105.41.5
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q2/18105.1105.60.2
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ2/1827.226.7
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q2/18164.3162.84.0
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Aug/18108.4108.54.9
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Aug/18109.2108.56.3
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/18424133470286
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ2/18411851424246
Of which: InterestR MillionQ2/182600659959
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/181228246041
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ2/18-29738-36801
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ2/18-174569240
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ2/1882133-8533
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ2/18-6185-27456
DomesticR MillionQ2/1858497-26744
LoansR MillionQ2/18-340-85
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ2/1858837-26658
ForeignR MillionQ2/1800
LiabilitiesR MillionQ2/188831818923
DomesticR MillionQ2/186369718923
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/1855
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/184480020074
LoansR MillionQ2/181025819
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ2/1817871-1970
ForeignR MillionQ2/18246220
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/1800
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/1800
LoansR MillionQ2/18246220
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ2/1864677707
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionAug/1811622676471
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionAug/18249561
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionAug/18123702167009
Of which: InterestR MillionAug/182393823604
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionAug/1800
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionAug/18-7476-90538
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionAug/1800
Net borrowing requirementR MillionAug/18-7476-90538
Treasury billsR MillionAug/18-368120621
Domestic government bondsR MillionAug/181462113628
Other financing  (4)R MillionAug/18-1090-3803
Non-marketable bondsR MillionAug/18-472
Loan levyR MillionAug/1800
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionAug/1800
Use of cash balancesR MillionAug/18-237460093
Total financing (nsa)R MillionAug/18747690538
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionAug/1826816472634748
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionAug/1823321162317226
BillsR MillionAug/18291484294281
BondsR MillionAug/1820406322022945
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionAug/181594915949
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionAug/189330693306
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionAug/18530666527849
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionAug/1814007111385841
Loan LeviesR MillionAug/1800
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionAug/185213453022
BillsR MillionAug/184062541509
BondsR MillionAug/181150811512
Floating rate bondR MillionAug/1800
Loan leviesR MillionAug/1800
Foreign DebtR MillionAug/18297378264481
MarketableR MillionAug/18294226261610
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionAug/182572622873
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionAug/183517531252
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionAug/18233325207486
Non-marketableR MillionAug/1831522871
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionAug/182020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionAug/18-209375-209375
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionAug/18334178334178
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionAug/18275345289633
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionAug/18359311335349216.74
External positionR MillionAug/18126038-18338
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionAug/18351568234623666.95
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionSep/18000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionSep/1855443494310.22
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionSep/187051987239227.81
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionSep/182526112498627.36
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ2/18-23769-72545
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ2/18284326249474
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ2/18282450281657
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/184828454163
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/185357650779
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/181465529197
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/184396480747
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/1859445347
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/181437716718
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ2/185961
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/18104105
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/184544
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ2/184532853214
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ2/18-3285-20479
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ2/183163310505
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ2/18-8860-15623
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/181662489416
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ2/185041453040
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/18-45459-59540
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ2/1814703-21102
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/18130952426
Reserve assetsR MillionQ2/18-2353714571
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ2/18-2161819270
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionSep/185039449848
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionSep/18730734
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionSep/1820842092
GoldUS $ MillionSep/1847714851
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionSep/184280942171
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionSep/1800
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionAug/18733604660863
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionAug/18116883106851
Total imports (nsa)R MillionAug/18108089112146
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ2/1873146692
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1836933326
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1822552139
EquityR BillionQ2/1821332039
DebtR BillionQ2/18122100
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/18116105
Other investmentR BillionQ2/18553528
Reserve assetsR BillionQ2/18696593
LiabilitiesR BillionQ2/1865766444
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1818631952
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1837173611
EquityR BillionQ2/1825892520
DebtR BillionQ2/1811281091
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/18119112
Other investmentR BillionQ2/18877769
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ2/18738248
External debtUS $ MillionQ2/18170811183239
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USSep/1814.779714.0890
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Sep/1856.4459.22
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020185772656522

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change