SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2018-06-13
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ1/181074841115335.0
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ1/18323571351330-0.1
ManufacturingR MillionQ1/185653515745275.9
Electricity and waterR MillionQ1/181621931571256.3
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ1/181725541664937.3
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ1/186530226505617.4
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ1/184265514216406.4
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ1/188681988642527.2
Personal servicesR MillionQ1/182520192474816.6
General government servicesR MillionQ1/187578947613886.6
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ1/18428883843063306.2
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ1/18477512547971766.4
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ1/18789678461719.1
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ1/18229122235158-0.4
ManufacturingR MillionQ1/183831503895171.0
Electricity and waterR MillionQ1/1865133652121.1
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ1/18108162108678-1.3
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ1/184274744309050.6
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ1/182711842705931.8
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ1/186408836391352.2
Personal servicesR MillionQ1/181697301692091.3
General Government ServicesR MillionQ1/184808624787050.6
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ1/18285466628717301.5
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ1/18313989031572311.5
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ1/18287403428492857.0
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ1/18100358410050447.1
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ1/188881628940112.7
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ1/1810962703
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ1/1833580-21698
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ1/18480045747293458.3
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ1/18133911614614620.5
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ1/18136444813936316.8
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ1/18193607219288782.8
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ1/186384766366081.2
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ1/186171166221250.2
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ1/181163310516
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ1/182780203
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ1/18320607631983302.7
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ1/188984999400570.2
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ1/189646859811564.2
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Apr/1898.9100.4-1.5
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Mar/18107.4108.34.1
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q4/17115.8115.8-0.1
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ1/1826.726.7
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q4/17415.9409.56.3
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Apr/18107.0106.24.5
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Apr/18106.1105.04.4
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/17441973401669
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ4/17422831430148
Of which: InterestR MillionQ4/172931456219
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/1719142-28479
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ4/17-34948-34222
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ4/17-15806-62701
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ4/174710353691
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ4/17-9465-38787
DomesticR MillionQ4/1721838-47792
LoansR MillionQ4/17-38-224
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ4/1721876-47568
ForeignR MillionQ4/1700
LiabilitiesR MillionQ4/175656892478
DomesticR MillionQ4/175720458695
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1755
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/175668960476
LoansR MillionQ4/171386641
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ4/17-870-2422
ForeignR MillionQ4/17-63633783
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1700
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/1700
LoansR MillionQ4/17-63633783
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ4/1731298-9010
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionApr/1869197133606
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionApr/1811511899
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionApr/18106683138149
Of which: InterestR MillionMar/181461621538
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionApr/18-1420
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionApr/18-37487-4543
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionApr/18-3090
Net borrowing requirementR MillionApr/18-37796-4543
Treasury billsR MillionApr/1816442-14395
Domestic government bondsR MillionApr/181425717977
Other financing  (4)R MillionApr/18-1496-2223
Non-marketable bondsR MillionMar/18122-70
Loan levyR MillionMar/1800
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionApr/18-6340
Use of cash balancesR MillionApr/1892273184
Total financing (nsa)R MillionApr/18377964543
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionApr/1825303622489615
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionApr/1822572082242900
BillsR MillionApr/18291090293320
BondsR MillionApr/1819661181949580
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionApr/181594915949
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionApr/189330393302
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionApr/18518010516294
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionApr/1813388571324035
Loan LeviesR MillionApr/1800
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionApr/184754128883
BillsR MillionApr/183592817256
BondsR MillionApr/181161311627
Floating rate bondR MillionApr/1800
Loan leviesR MillionApr/1800
Foreign DebtR MillionApr/18225593217811
MarketableR MillionApr/18222844214175
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionApr/1800
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionApr/185121249239
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionApr/18171631164936
Non-marketableR MillionApr/1827493636
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionApr/182020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionApr/18-209375-209375
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionFeb/18298477298477
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionApr/18261338246273
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionApr/18349264935300515.07
External positionR MillionApr/183146418572
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionApr/18338572933971836.39
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionMay/18000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionMay/183346644204-25.78
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionMay/186340536021234.18
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionMay/182492752481988.74
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ4/17-17278-41885
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ4/17295049282332
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ4/17293589278145
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/175597250884
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/175540853726
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/171938923680
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/174845873666
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/1765555871
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/171655816062
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ4/176558
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/17106101
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/174143
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ4/175030313147
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ4/173170-58389
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ4/17-1354716234
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ4/17-14460-16802
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/179427583878
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ4/174093633315
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/17-39082-37848
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ4/17-533-33336
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/17-555449839
Reserve assetsR MillionQ4/17-14902-23744
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ4/17-3309028680
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionMay/185114649539
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionMay/18632642
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionMay/1821152147
GoldUS $ MillionMay/1852435291
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionMay/184315641459
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionMay/1800
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionApr/18615809593068
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionApr/188849898102
Total imports (nsa)R MillionApr/188735788799
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ4/1769137122
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1733343335
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1723242466
EquityR BillionQ4/1722012347
DebtR BillionQ4/17123119
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/1712595
Other investmentR BillionQ4/17504559
Reserve assetsR BillionQ4/17625667
LiabilitiesR BillionQ4/1763516035
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1718501916
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1735773192
EquityR BillionQ4/1725342148
DebtR BillionQ4/1710431044
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/1713795
Other investmentR BillionQ4/17788831
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ4/175621088
External debtUS $ MillionQ4/17173319163311
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USMay/1812.529412.0841
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100May/1864.5065.27
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020175652255620

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change