SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2016-05-27
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/1583784776692.4
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/15293976279550-0.2
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/154709944683320.6
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/151207481189094.0
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/151528811367183.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/155418685395046.8
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/153608573596212.8
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/157567487486274.0
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/152110132029054.9
General government servicesR MillionQ4/156416116315718.6
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/15363448035634064.3
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ4/15408538939878904.7
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/156183064197-16.1
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/15230677229796-1.4
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/15378926381381-1.4
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/156674966603-3.2
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/151056201053311.1
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/154200754171391.8
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/152560982562100.3
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/156129406101182.7
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/151628781626401.1
General Government ServicesR MillionQ4/154706564694870.5
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/15276644927629020.3
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ4/15305148830468070.3
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/15248406224445485.8
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/158423718275327.1
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ4/158133198034363.6
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/15-23680-47536
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/1531564-6175
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ4/15414763640218055.5
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/15124818312502053.0
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/15131043012841205.5
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ4/15187253518649931.6
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/156196836177990.2
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ4/156342746302271.6
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/15-10919-31023
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/15-67084-65343
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/15304848930166530.4
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/159692629711675.9
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/159662639410136.1
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2010 = 100Mar/16106.9106.8
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Mar/1691.991.6
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q4/15112.9112.70.1
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ1/1626.724.5
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q4/15365.8362.95.7
Consumer Prices (nsa)2012/12 = 100Apr/16121.2120.26.2
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2012 = 100Apr/16125.4124.47.0
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/15399369368470
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ4/15368095387362
Of which: InterestR MillionQ4/152327645268
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/1531273-18892
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ4/15-33569-29609
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ4/15-2296-48501
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ4/152582314942
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ4/15-16654-39333
DomesticR MillionQ4/156873-72891
LoansR MillionQ4/15-62-485
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ4/156935-72406
ForeignR MillionQ4/1500
LiabilitiesR MillionQ4/154247754275
DomesticR MillionQ4/154336854599
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1500
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/152491339062
LoansR MillionQ4/152130-1894
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ4/151632517432
ForeignR MillionQ4/15-891-324
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1500
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/1500
LoansR MillionQ4/15-891-324
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ4/1523527-33559
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionMar/16118546117758
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionMar/161871389
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionMar/16136676110452
Of which: InterestR MillionMar/161630214246
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionMar/1600
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionMar/16-181307306
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionMar/16-130
Net borrowing requirementR MillionMar/16-181427306
Treasury billsR MillionMar/161246-20238
Domestic government bondsR MillionMar/161323515735
Other financing  (4)R MillionMar/16325-230
Non-marketable bondsR MillionMar/161351138
Loan levyR MillionMar/1600
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionMar/16-180
Use of cash balancesR MillionMar/163354-2572
Total financing (nsa)R MillionMar/1618142-7306
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionMar/1620189352017135
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionMar/1617820441765334
BillsR MillionMar/16209467208473
BondsR MillionMar/1615725761556861
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionMar/165273852667
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionMar/16107559107559
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionMar/16396832395479
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionMar/1610154481001156
Loan LeviesR MillionMar/1600
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionMar/163726535662
BillsR MillionMar/162726627014
BondsR MillionMar/1699998648
Floating rate bondR MillionMar/1600
Loan leviesR MillionMar/1600
Foreign DebtR MillionMar/16199607216119
MarketableR MillionMar/16189298205303
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionMar/161258913119
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionMar/1620732260
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionMar/16174637189924
Non-marketableR MillionMar/161030910816
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionMar/162020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionMar/16-341297-203396
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionNov/15249053249053
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionMar/1611806896392
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionMar/16317321631442418.74
External positionR MillionMar/16-4290314657
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionMar/163066517299145410.30
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionApr/1600-100.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionApr/16378723727555.93
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionApr/1664997167587020.29
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionMar/162193412158727.77
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ4/15-45251-57602
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ4/15249090255820
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ4/15278859281396
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/155294046134
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/155238049556
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/151319323382
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/154061059802
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/1562376033
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/151450114100
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ4/156063
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/15102106
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/154243
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ4/155347441727
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ4/15-37415-14672
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ4/151371815935
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ4/15-10636-24157
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/15-31811751
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ4/1510330178296
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/15-102961-70951
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ4/154832938781
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/15445696234
Reserve assetsR MillionQ4/15-5113510
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ4/15-828315812
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionApr/164695646770
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionApr/16219220
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionApr/1625362519
GoldUS $ MillionApr/1651444968
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionApr/163905739063
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionApr/1600
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionMar/16688945734636
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionMar/169613490473
Total imports (nsa)R MillionMar/169321891740
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ4/1562645275
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1525312062
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1522311872
EquityR BillionQ4/1520981752
DebtR BillionQ4/15133119
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/15220151
Other investmentR BillionQ4/15567551
Reserve assetsR BillionQ4/15714640
LiabilitiesR BillionQ4/1555505165
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1519421625
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1526142699
EquityR BillionQ4/1518041892
DebtR BillionQ4/15810808
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/15197137
Other investmentR BillionQ4/15796704
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ4/15714111
External debtUS $ MillionQ4/15124070134463
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USApr/1614.632215.4224
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Apr/1655.9553.97
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020155495754059

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change