SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2016-06-24
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ1/161023588378421.8
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ1/16284396293976-0.9
ManufacturingR MillionQ1/164829954709944.9
Electricity and waterR MillionQ1/161352771207483.9
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ1/161490071528812.7
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ1/165680445418687.9
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ1/163777753608574.3
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ1/167725357567486.7
Personal servicesR MillionQ1/162199152110135.7
General government servicesR MillionQ1/1664524464161110.3
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ1/16373754636344806.4
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ1/16420850140853897.4
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ1/166682161830-11.5
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ1/16219658230677-9.0
ManufacturingR MillionQ1/16378896378926-1.0
Electricity and waterR MillionQ1/166550066749-4.0
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ1/161094121056201.2
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ1/164234994200751.1
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ1/16259164256098-0.7
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ1/166143446129402.1
Personal servicesR MillionQ1/161639721628780.8
General Government ServicesR MillionQ1/164676624706561.1
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ1/1627689282766449-0.5
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ1/1630452613051488-0.6
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ1/16251143424840626.8
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ1/168695158423719.0
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ1/168494588133194.9
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ1/16-8904-23680
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ1/162602731564
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ1/16424753041476366.5
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ1/16128665612481838.0
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ1/16132568513104305.1
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ1/16185464518725350.9
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ1/166324286196831.5
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ1/16628530634274-1.3
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ1/163426-10919
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ1/16-22226-67084
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ1/1630968033048489-1.6
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ1/168994909692620.1
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ1/16951032966263-3.1
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2010 = 100Apr/16107.6106.9
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Apr/1690.991.7
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q4/15112.9112.70.1
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ1/1626.724.5
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q4/15365.8362.95.7
Consumer Prices (nsa)2012/12 = 100May/16121.4121.26.1
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2012 = 100Apr/16125.4124.47.0
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ1/16426046394161
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ1/16399965367585
Of which: InterestR MillionQ1/164825423289
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ1/162608126576
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ1/16-40614-33469
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ1/16-14533-6893
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ1/16951031868
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ1/16-19945-13309
DomesticR MillionQ1/16-2496811666
LoansR MillionQ1/16-194-62
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ1/16-2477411727
ForeignR MillionQ1/1600
LiabilitiesR MillionQ1/162945445177
DomesticR MillionQ1/162969846068
Currency and depositsR MillionQ1/1600
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ1/162364424913
LoansR MillionQ1/16-2012130
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ1/16625519025
ForeignR MillionQ1/16-244-891
Currency and depositsR MillionQ1/1600
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ1/1600
LoansR MillionQ1/16-244-891
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ1/16-502424975
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionApr/1666550118546
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionApr/1680211871
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionApr/1691647136676
Of which: InterestR MillionApr/16223616302
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionApr/16-100
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionApr/16-25097-18130
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionApr/16-7710-13
Net borrowing requirementR MillionApr/16-32807-18142
Treasury billsR MillionApr/1624301246
Domestic government bondsR MillionApr/161332513235
Other financing  (4)R MillionApr/16-2844325
Non-marketable bondsR MillionApr/162471351
Loan levyR MillionApr/1600
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionApr/1611642-18
Use of cash balancesR MillionApr/1682553354
Total financing (nsa)R MillionApr/163280718142
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionApr/1620366772018935
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionApr/1618021051782044
BillsR MillionApr/16211531209467
BondsR MillionApr/1615905731572576
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionApr/165295152738
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionApr/16103724107559
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionApr/16392921396832
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionApr/1610409781015448
Loan LeviesR MillionApr/1600
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionApr/163787837265
BillsR MillionApr/162763227266
BondsR MillionApr/16102469999
Floating rate bondR MillionApr/1600
Loan leviesR MillionApr/1600
Foreign DebtR MillionApr/16196675199607
MarketableR MillionApr/16188017189298
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionApr/16012589
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionApr/1619932073
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionApr/16186024174637
Non-marketableR MillionApr/16865810309
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionApr/162020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionApr/16-341297-341297
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionNov/15249053249053
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionApr/16130786118068
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionApr/16313937631732167.06
External positionR MillionApr/16-13076-42903
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionApr/16307035130665178.98
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionMay/1600-100.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionMay/16400233787280.56
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionMay/1671654164997129.44
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionMay/1622340921965211.65
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ1/16-60938-45209
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ1/16237144249090
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ1/16272001278817
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ1/165607452940
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ1/165248452380
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ1/162055813193
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ1/165998840610
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ1/1659426237
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ1/161488014501
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ1/166160
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ1/16104102
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ1/164342
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ1/162756253474
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ1/16-20483-37415
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ1/16993113718
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ1/167964-10636
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ1/1613495-318
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ1/16143585103301
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ1/16-148867-102961
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ1/161548948329
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ1/16223544569
Reserve assetsR MillionQ1/164213-5113
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ1/1633315-8325
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionMay/164608146956
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionMay/16214219
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionMay/1625092536
GoldUS $ MillionMay/1648735144
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionMay/163848539057
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionMay/1600
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionApr/16661266688945
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionApr/169222095241
Total imports (nsa)R MillionApr/169178993207
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ4/1562645275
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1525312062
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1522311872
EquityR BillionQ4/1520981752
DebtR BillionQ4/15133119
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/15220151
Other investmentR BillionQ4/15567551
Reserve assetsR BillionQ4/15714640
LiabilitiesR BillionQ4/1555505165
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1519421625
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1526142699
EquityR BillionQ4/1518041892
DebtR BillionQ4/15810808
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/15197137
Other investmentR BillionQ4/15796704
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ4/15714111
External debtUS $ MillionQ4/15124070134463
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USMay/1615.356314.6322
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100May/1653.6455.95
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020155495754059

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change