SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2018-02-15
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ3/171150319063217.2
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ3/173128823170014.9
ManufacturingR MillionQ3/175488415380764.0
Electricity and waterR MillionQ3/171522571516655.0
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ3/171595961646534.5
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ3/176378866265017.6
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ3/174227014069997.2
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ3/178501068413847.7
Personal servicesR MillionQ3/172425572399236.9
General government servicesR MillionQ3/177389267269488.3
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ3/17418078441037827.0
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ3/17466238946038856.5
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ3/17820107484225.2
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ3/172385642347773.7
ManufacturingR MillionQ3/17383326379277-0.3
Electricity and waterR MillionQ3/1763775646760.1
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ3/17108735109025-0.4
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ3/17421384421775-0.9
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ3/172648792644920.9
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ3/176248456229191.0
Personal servicesR MillionQ3/171680291676350.8
General Government ServicesR MillionQ3/17472908473797-0.4
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ3/17282845528132171.0
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ3/17310966130945251.0
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ3/17275417827184756.0
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ3/179649739515187.2
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ3/178716018560412.8
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ3/17-12951141
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ3/17341919489
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ3/17459287645466644.5
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ3/17135797413809655.5
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ3/1712884611323745-1.5
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ3/17189701218847611.7
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ3/17633380634240-0.1
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ3/176176476112271.3
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ3/17-55275767
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ3/17-7354-6100
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ3/17313515831298960.7
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ3/179110429362602.8
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ3/179365399716311.7
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Dec/17103.0101.9
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Nov/17105.4105.42.5
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q3/17115.2115.3-0.8
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ4/1726.727.7
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q3/17409.1404.16.8
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Dec/17104.7104.24.7
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Dec/17105.2104.65.2
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ3/17399877391988
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ3/17428932411015
Of which: InterestR MillionQ3/175623827622
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ3/17-29055-19027
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ3/17-34222-31336
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ3/17-63277-50363
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ3/175646689017
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ3/17-36012-6397
DomesticR MillionQ3/17-4286032249
LoansR MillionQ3/17-224-230
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ3/17-4263632479
ForeignR MillionQ3/1700
LiabilitiesR MillionQ3/179247895413
DomesticR MillionQ3/175869596682
Currency and depositsR MillionQ3/175-5
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ3/176047667879
LoansR MillionQ3/176411122
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ3/17-242227682
ForeignR MillionQ3/1733783-1269
Currency and depositsR MillionQ3/1700
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ3/1700
LoansR MillionQ3/1733783-1269
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ3/17-681138654
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionDec/1715750882360
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionDec/1724191171
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionDec/1713927894716
Of which: InterestR MillionDec/17183644081
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionDec/17-660
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionDec/1718229-12356
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionDec/170-4
Net borrowing requirementR MillionDec/1718229-12360
Treasury billsR MillionDec/1713665795
Domestic government bondsR MillionDec/171253318019
Other financing  (4)R MillionDec/17-2187-514
Non-marketable bondsR MillionDec/17108-18
Loan levyR MillionDec/1700
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionDec/170-2
Use of cash balancesR MillionDec/17-29944-10935
Total financing (nsa)R MillionDec/17-1823212363
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionDec/1724672952470567
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionDec/1721909082165655
BillsR MillionDec/17304927298517
BondsR MillionDec/1718859801867138
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionDec/17290390
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionDec/1749682100561
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionDec/17505666432717
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionDec/1713015931333859
Loan LeviesR MillionDec/1700
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionDec/175083655772
BillsR MillionDec/173930144345
BondsR MillionDec/171153511427
Floating rate bondR MillionDec/1700
Loan leviesR MillionDec/1700
Foreign DebtR MillionDec/17225531249119
MarketableR MillionDec/17221746244989
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionDec/1700
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionDec/175092556289
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionDec/17170820188700
Non-marketableR MillionDec/1737854130
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionDec/172020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionDec/17-241514-241514
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionNov/17299132299132
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionDec/17258345266911
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionDec/17347096034324846.72
External positionR MillionDec/17-80645-7380
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionDec/17335895733531716.41
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionJan/18000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionJan/183900747954-42.69
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionJan/18585502614093-4.80
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionJan/182400072568947.11
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ3/17-43162-18166
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ3/17282531274932
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ3/17278204269711
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ3/175064148377
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ3/175328054101
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ3/172308214126
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ3/177321639450
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ3/1758695396
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ3/171606416356
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ3/175863
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ3/17101103
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ3/174340
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ3/17174323176
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ3/17-57019-30424
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ3/17192433879
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ3/17-16789-9412
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ3/178842674730
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ3/173515758418
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ3/17-39343-59627
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ3/17-33215-3104
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ3/1754290-29388
Reserve assetsR MillionQ3/17-33318-1896
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ3/172567214863
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionJan/185050150722
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionJan/18651638
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionJan/1821752126
GoldUS $ MillionJan/1854115223
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionJan/184226342735
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionJan/1800
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionDec/17624777684775
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionDec/17104320116186
Total imports (nsa)R MillionDec/1788596103133
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ3/1770956290
Direct investmentR BillionQ3/1732672803
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ3/1725062276
EquityR BillionQ3/1723722157
DebtR BillionQ3/17134119
Financial derivativesR BillionQ3/179586
Other investmentR BillionQ3/17559507
Reserve assetsR BillionQ3/17667618
LiabilitiesR BillionQ3/1760355634
Direct investmentR BillionQ3/1719161830
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ3/1731922942
EquityR BillionQ3/1721481964
DebtR BillionQ3/171044978
Financial derivativesR BillionQ3/179592
Other investmentR BillionQ3/17831770
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ3/171061656
External debtUS $ MillionQ3/17163311158533
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USJan/1812.204113.1703
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Jan/1865.0961.67
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020175652255620

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change