SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2018-12-07
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ3/18115550912095.8
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ3/183446433436610.2
ManufacturingR MillionQ3/186046235672769.0
Electricity and waterR MillionQ3/181671241650717.3
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ3/181746791736886.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ3/186791016559217.6
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ3/184442854224256.7
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ3/189084478956556.7
Personal servicesR MillionQ3/182560142574224.9
General government servicesR MillionQ3/188048047943587.6
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ3/18449927043666856.7
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ3/18507083649302797.9
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ3/187064469545-9.6
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ3/18228080233377-4.1
ManufacturingR MillionQ3/183903703833481.3
Electricity and waterR MillionQ3/1865472656151.2
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ3/18107970108723-1.0
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ3/184293204259470.8
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ3/182715252677791.0
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ3/186475246438662.0
Personal servicesR MillionQ3/181703481700690.9
General Government ServicesR MillionQ3/184823244804741.1
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ3/18286357828487430.5
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ3/18315099531335550.6
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ3/18295918628999626.4
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ3/18107006210488138.8
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ3/188955648855603.7
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ3/1819177-10628
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ3/1812425473209
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ3/18506824248969159.9
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ3/181526927139581310.6
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ3/181524333136244918.0
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ3/18193561419281131.2
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ3/186437046402101.5
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ3/18607743615744-0.6
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ3/1812744-9149
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ3/18-1774-1628
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ3/18319803231732901.7
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ3/189746729233266.7
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ3/18102170996306110.5
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Sep/18101.3102.3
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Sep/18104.7104.9
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q2/18105.1105.60.2
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ3/1827.527.2
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q2/18164.3162.84.0
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Oct/18109.4108.95.1
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Oct/18111.3109.86.9
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/18424133470286
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ2/18411851424246
Of which: InterestR MillionQ2/182600659959
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ2/181228246041
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ2/18-29738-36801
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ2/18-174569240
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ2/1882133-8533
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ2/18-6185-27456
DomesticR MillionQ2/1858497-26744
LoansR MillionQ2/18-340-85
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ2/1858837-26658
ForeignR MillionQ2/1800
LiabilitiesR MillionQ2/188831818923
DomesticR MillionQ2/186369718923
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/1855
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/184480020074
LoansR MillionQ2/181025819
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ2/1817871-1970
ForeignR MillionQ2/18246220
Currency and depositsR MillionQ2/1800
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ2/1800
LoansR MillionQ2/18246220
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ2/1864677707
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionOct/1878879111189
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionOct/1812161188
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionOct/18116809113183
Of which: InterestR MillionOct/18431915407
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionOct/18-12-8
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionOct/18-37930-1995
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionOct/18-4530
Net borrowing requirementR MillionOct/18-3828015912
Treasury billsR MillionOct/181317010814
Domestic government bondsR MillionOct/181402013066
Other financing  (4)R MillionOct/18-1713-1937
Non-marketable bondsR MillionOct/18-320
Loan levyR MillionOct/1800
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionDec/1800
Use of cash balancesR MillionDec/180203004
Total financing (nsa)R MillionOct/1838280-15912
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionOct/1827444602699692
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionOct/1823832352355215
BillsR MillionOct/18303758296391
BondsR MillionOct/1820794762058824
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionOct/181016913859
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionOct/187764489226
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionOct/18544424535507
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionOct/1814472391420231
Loan LeviesR MillionOct/1800
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionOct/186394558061
BillsR MillionOct/185233546532
BondsR MillionOct/181161011529
Floating rate bondR MillionOct/1800
Loan leviesR MillionOct/1800
Foreign DebtR MillionOct/18297234286396
MarketableR MillionOct/18295181283324
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionOct/182584524793
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionOct/183916937564
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionOct/18230167220967
Non-marketableR MillionOct/1820523073
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionOct/184620
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionOct/18-193917-209375
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionAug/18334178334178
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionOct/18286048258605
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionOct/18359198836131395.82
External positionR MillionOct/18-11587-41769
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionOct/18352125435489245.99
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionNov/18000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionNov/18580266109710.08
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionNov/186857527281691.90
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionNov/182594272557315.22
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ2/18-23769-72545
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ2/18284326249474
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ2/18282450281657
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/184828454163
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/185357650779
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/181465529197
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/184396480747
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/1859445347
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ2/181437716718
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ2/185961
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ2/18104105
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ2/184544
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ2/184532853214
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ2/18-3285-20479
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ2/183163310505
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ2/18-8860-15623
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/181662489416
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ2/185041453040
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/18-45459-59540
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ2/1814703-21102
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ2/18130952426
Reserve assetsR MillionQ2/18-2353714571
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ2/18-2161819270
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionNov/185067250166
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionNov/18765765
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionNov/1820662064
GoldUS $ MillionNov/1849264899
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionNov/184291542438
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionNov/1800
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionOct/18741662714695
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionOct/18122324112792
Total imports (nsa)R MillionOct/18127874116618
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ2/1873146692
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1836933326
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1822552139
EquityR BillionQ2/1821332039
DebtR BillionQ2/18122100
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/18116105
Other investmentR BillionQ2/18553528
Reserve assetsR BillionQ2/18696593
LiabilitiesR BillionQ2/1865766444
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1818631952
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1837173611
EquityR BillionQ2/1825892520
DebtR BillionQ2/1811281091
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/18119112
Other investmentR BillionQ2/18877769
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ2/18738248
External debtUS $ MillionQ2/18170811183239
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USNov/1814.086614.4963
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Nov/1859.9958.09
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020185772656522

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change