SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2019-04-23
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/1899416115001-15.1
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/183709043489576.1
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/185951455796663.2
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/181703661670855.3
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/181721991706003.5
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/186718826580545.1
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/184356634292674.4
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/188773268640163.3
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/182606512562265.0
General government servicesR MillionQ4/188027287993226.2
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/18445627943881934.1
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ4/18500310149362404.9
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/187376072378-17.2
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/18227291229490-3.7
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/183939553896291.1
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/1866047660140.7
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/18107396107575-0.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/18432584433320-0.4
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/182786232734852.9
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/186459286416901.9
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/181713071705661.1
General Government ServicesR MillionQ4/184793334801000.9
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/18287622428642480.1
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ4/18316172131509850.2
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/18299171029389575.6
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/18106078710520836.7
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ4/18901056889950-0.1
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/18-8936024186
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/187819931589
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ4/18494239249367645.3
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/18156722615219608.2
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/18150651715224849.9
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ4/18195035919350671.3
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/186434456424301.9
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ4/18604717608540-4.1
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/18-5393214456
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/1811702633
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/1831457583203126-1.3
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/189777779523845.8
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/1896181410045250.6
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Feb/19100.1101.9
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Feb/19104.9102.8-2.7
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q4/18106.1106.00.9
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ4/1827.127.5
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q4/18169.8168.35.3
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Mar/19111.0110.14.5
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Feb/19110.1109.84.7
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/18471055450632
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ4/18438340464743
Of which: InterestR MillionQ4/183019564742
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/1832715-14111
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ4/18-37855-35214
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ4/18-5139-49325
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ4/181995329086
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ4/18-24787-41458
DomesticR MillionQ4/18-9965-61690
LoansR MillionQ4/18-358-462
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ4/18-9608-61228
ForeignR MillionQ4/1800
LiabilitiesR MillionQ4/184474070544
DomesticR MillionQ4/184537670544
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1888
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/184492168965
LoansR MillionQ4/18853615
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ4/18-398964
ForeignR MillionQ4/18-6360
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1800
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/1800
LoansR MillionQ4/18-6360
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ4/1814814-20239
Central Government Operations
Cash-flow revenue (nsa)R MillionFeb/1913506175792
Cash-flow expenditure (nsa)R MillionFeb/19114280140683
Cash-flow balance (deficit -/surplus +)R MillionFeb/1920781-64891
Plus: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionFeb/1900
Plus: Accrual adjustmentR MillionFeb/19-1508829801
Net borrowing requirement (nsa)R MillionFeb/195693-35090
Treasury bills and short-term loansR MillionFeb/191984-11605
Domestic government bondsR MillionFeb/191551112269
Other financing  (4)R MillionFeb/19-1069-2478
Non-marketable bondsR MillionFeb/19575
Loan levyR MillionFeb/1900
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionFeb/1900
Change in cash balancesR MillionFeb/19-2211936905
Total net financing (nsa)R MillionFeb/19-569335090
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionFeb/1927811342746860
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionFeb/1924525182439511
BillsR MillionFeb/19311162316968
BondsR MillionFeb/1921413562122543
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionFeb/192883028830
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionFeb/199823298138
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionFeb/19516566511992
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionFeb/1914977291483583
Loan LeviesR MillionFeb/1900
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionFeb/194776839974
BillsR MillionFeb/193600428213
BondsR MillionFeb/191176511760
Floating rate bondR MillionFeb/1900
Loan leviesR MillionFeb/1900
Foreign DebtR MillionFeb/19280802267329
MarketableR MillionFeb/19278866265469
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionFeb/192439823209
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionFeb/193197335472
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionFeb/19217329206788
Non-marketableR MillionFeb/1919361861
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionFeb/194646
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionFeb/19-193917-193917
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionFeb/19494334494334
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionFeb/19279680309631
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionFeb/19371258136835496.03
External positionR MillionFeb/1934734-71681
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionFeb/19353394235258205.30
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionMar/19000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionMar/1927771467387.98
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionMar/1970579269317120.50
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionMar/192624812585016.83
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ4/18-17133-58488
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ4/18325403317250
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ4/18324434334261
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/185617151782
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/185668656905
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/182255930096
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/184873277109
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/1865626727
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/181483714323
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ4/186155
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/18107102
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/184647
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ4/181662428358
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ4/18-23280-13033
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ4/18-821928712
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ4/18-29334-2817
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/18-3391317882
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ4/185184469939
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/18-47868-65430
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ4/18853-1991
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/18112724-8716
Reserve assetsR MillionQ4/18-61833812
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ4/1844830075
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionMar/194967950836
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionMar/19820826
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionMar/1920752088
GoldUS $ MillionMar/1952255340
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionMar/194155942582
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionMar/1900
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionFeb/19709491674849
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionFeb/199814588639
Total imports (nsa)R MillionFeb/1994155101705
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ4/1870107247
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1834253415
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1821772441
EquityR BillionQ4/1820362314
DebtR BillionQ4/18141127
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/1890112
Other investmentR BillionQ4/18576563
Reserve assetsR BillionQ4/18742715
LiabilitiesR BillionQ4/1864586452
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1818541889
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1835413587
EquityR BillionQ4/1823952445
DebtR BillionQ4/1811471142
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/1891105
Other investmentR BillionQ4/18972871
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ4/18552795
External debtUS $ MillionQ4/18172384168147
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USMar/1914.383113.7956
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Mar/1958.2860.71
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020185772656522

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change