SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2018-03-20
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/1711153310926313.6
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/173513303438856.8
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/175745275546098.8
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/171571251557315.7
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/171664931635225.9
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/176505616313579.8
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/174216404165526.6
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/178642528516508.2
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/172474812440688.4
General government servicesR MillionQ4/177613887480639.1
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/17430633042187008.3
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ4/17479717647007277.8
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ4/17846177813935.3
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ4/172351582378345.4
ManufacturingR MillionQ4/173895173854261.6
Electricity and waterR MillionQ4/176521264690-0.3
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ4/17108678109065-1.1
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ4/17430905425884-0.1
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ4/172705932687291.2
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ4/176391356351451.8
Personal servicesR MillionQ4/171692091687861.1
General Government ServicesR MillionQ4/174787054770360.0
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ4/17287173028507342.0
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ4/17315723131331862.0
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/17284928527821557.2
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/1710050449836838.6
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ4/178940118636083.5
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/172703-12179
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/17-21698-5029
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ4/17472934546122387.3
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/17146146213806249.7
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ4/17139363112921358.2
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ4/17192887819120052.7
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ4/176366086341120.6
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ4/176221256111540.3
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ4/1710516-11956
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ4/17203-81
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ4/17319833031452352.4
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/179400579130993.9
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ4/179811569251485.5
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Jan/18101.6103.0
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Jan/18106.1105.82.3
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q3/17115.2115.3-0.8
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ4/1726.727.7
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q3/17409.1404.16.8
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Feb/18105.8105.04.0
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Jan/18105.5105.25.1
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/17441973401669
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ4/17422831430148
Of which: InterestR MillionQ4/172931456219
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/1719142-28479
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ4/17-34948-34222
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ4/17-15806-62701
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ4/174710353691
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ4/17-9465-38787
DomesticR MillionQ4/1721838-47792
LoansR MillionQ4/17-38-224
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ4/1721876-47568
ForeignR MillionQ4/1700
LiabilitiesR MillionQ4/175656892478
DomesticR MillionQ4/175720458695
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1755
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/175668960476
LoansR MillionQ4/171386641
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ4/17-870-2422
ForeignR MillionQ4/17-63633783
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1700
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/1700
LoansR MillionQ4/17-63633783
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ4/1731298-9010
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionJan/1874190157508
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionJan/184852419
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionJan/18164578139278
Of which: InterestR MillionJan/182183718364
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionJan/180-66
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionJan/18-9038718229
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionJan/1800
Net borrowing requirementR MillionJan/18-9038718229
Treasury billsR MillionJan/18445401366
Domestic government bondsR MillionJan/181292012533
Other financing  (4)R MillionJan/18-1411-2187
Non-marketable bondsR MillionJan/1840108
Loan levyR MillionJan/1800
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionJan/1800
Use of cash balancesR MillionJan/1834339-29944
Total financing (nsa)R MillionJan/1890387-18232
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionJan/1825200052467295
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionJan/1822067782190908
BillsR MillionJan/18304707304927
BondsR MillionJan/1819020711885980
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionJan/182903929039
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionJan/184968249682
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionJan/18507214505666
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionJan/1813161351301593
Loan LeviesR MillionJan/1800
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionJan/189563650836
BillsR MillionJan/188406139301
BondsR MillionJan/181157511535
Floating rate bondR MillionJan/1800
Loan leviesR MillionJan/1800
Foreign DebtR MillionJan/18217571225531
MarketableR MillionJan/18213806221746
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionJan/1800
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionJan/184909850925
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionJan/18164709170820
Non-marketableR MillionJan/1837653785
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionJan/182020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionJan/18-241514-241514
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionNov/17299132299132
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionJan/18273570258111
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionJan/18345723734708115.54
External positionR MillionJan/18-17565-80074
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionJan/18335519333591315.83
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionFeb/18000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionFeb/183265539007-37.84
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionFeb/18578210585510-3.27
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionFeb/182369192400075.69
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ4/17-17278-41885
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ4/17295049282332
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ4/17293589278145
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/175597250884
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/175540853726
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/171938923680
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/174845873666
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/1765555871
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/171655816062
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ4/176558
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/17106101
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/174143
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ4/175030313147
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ4/173170-58389
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ4/17-1354716234
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ4/17-14460-16802
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/179427583878
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ4/174093633315
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/17-39082-37848
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ4/17-533-33336
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/17-555449839
Reserve assetsR MillionQ4/17-14902-23744
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ4/17-3309028680
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionFeb/185005150501
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionFeb/18646651
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionFeb/1821592175
GoldUS $ MillionFeb/1853175411
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionFeb/184192942263
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionFeb/1800
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionFeb/18588070598366
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionJan/1880508104025
Total imports (nsa)R MillionJan/1810817188717
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ3/1770956290
Direct investmentR BillionQ3/1732672803
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ3/1725062276
EquityR BillionQ3/1723722157
DebtR BillionQ3/17134119
Financial derivativesR BillionQ3/179586
Other investmentR BillionQ3/17559507
Reserve assetsR BillionQ3/17667618
LiabilitiesR BillionQ3/1760355634
Direct investmentR BillionQ3/1719161830
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ3/1731922942
EquityR BillionQ3/1721481964
DebtR BillionQ3/171044978
Financial derivativesR BillionQ3/179592
Other investmentR BillionQ3/17831770
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ3/171061656
External debtUS $ MillionQ3/17163311158533
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USFeb/1811.822012.2041
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Feb/1866.5365.09
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020175652255620

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change