SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2019-06-11
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ1/198718599416-18.6
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ1/193549463709044.2
ManufacturingR MillionQ1/195732775951453.0
Electricity and waterR MillionQ1/191687651703663.8
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ1/191704701721991.0
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ1/196678496718824.8
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ1/194369044356634.0
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ1/198526238773263.6
Personal servicesR MillionQ1/192646112606515.3
General government servicesR MillionQ1/197993278027285.8
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ1/19437595744562793.6
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ1/19489892150031014.3
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ1/197119873760-11.5
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ1/19220908227291-4.1
ManufacturingR MillionQ1/193849913939551.0
Electricity and waterR MillionQ1/196487066047-1.4
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ1/19106790107396-0.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ1/19428619432584-0.6
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ1/192755052786231.4
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ1/196476696459281.9
Personal servicesR MillionQ1/191717661713071.1
General Government ServicesR MillionQ1/194807954793330.7
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ1/19285311128762240.1
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ1/19313636631617210.1
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ1/19299708229917104.7
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ1/19105816410607875.8
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ1/198889109010560.8
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ1/19-24753-89360
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ1/19-5100378199
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ1/19486840049423923.4
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ1/19145813715672268.2
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ1/19142761615065174.8
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ1/19194623719503590.8
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ1/196455636434451.1
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ1/19597801604717-2.9
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ1/19-11587-53932
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ1/1927521170
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ1/1931807673145758-0.5
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ1/199056359777771.8
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ1/19950036961814-0.3
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Apr/19103.9101.1
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Mar/19104.5104.9-1.9
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q4/18106.1106.00.9
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ1/1927.627.1
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q4/18169.8168.35.3
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Apr/19111.7111.04.4
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Apr/19113.0111.56.5
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/18471055450632
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ4/18438340464743
Of which: InterestR MillionQ4/183019564742
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ4/1832715-14111
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ4/18-37855-35214
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ4/18-5139-49325
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ4/181995329086
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ4/18-24787-41458
DomesticR MillionQ4/18-9965-61690
LoansR MillionQ4/18-358-462
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ4/18-9608-61228
ForeignR MillionQ4/1800
LiabilitiesR MillionQ4/184474070544
DomesticR MillionQ4/184537670544
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1888
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/184492168965
LoansR MillionQ4/18853615
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ4/18-398964
ForeignR MillionQ4/18-6360
Currency and depositsR MillionQ4/1800
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ4/1800
LoansR MillionQ4/18-6360
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ4/1814814-20239
Central Government Operations
Cash-flow revenue (nsa)R MillionApr/1973561134721
Cash-flow expenditure (nsa)R MillionApr/19146708138048
Cash-flow balance (deficit -/surplus +)R MillionApr/19-73147-3327
Plus: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionApr/19-2370
Plus: Accrual adjustmentR MillionApr/19-18654-3739
Net borrowing requirement (nsa)R MillionApr/19-92038-7067
Treasury bills and short-term loansR MillionApr/1932089-22529
Domestic government bondsR MillionApr/191868117746
Other financing  (4)R MillionApr/192498-430
Non-marketable bondsR MillionApr/19-56139
Loan levyR MillionApr/1900
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionApr/19-3920
Change in cash balancesR MillionApr/193916212280
Total net financing (nsa)R MillionApr/19920387067
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionApr/1928351532789803
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionApr/1924922012469262
BillsR MillionApr/19312403307358
BondsR MillionApr/1921797972161904
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionApr/192883028830
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionApr/199805898148
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionApr/19547377541947
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionApr/1915055321492979
Loan LeviesR MillionApr/1900
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionApr/195617029181
BillsR MillionApr/194432217278
BondsR MillionApr/191184811904
Floating rate bondR MillionApr/1900
Loan leviesR MillionApr/1900
Foreign DebtR MillionApr/19286737291314
MarketableR MillionApr/19285433289319
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionApr/194813448779
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionApr/191485315096
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionApr/19222447225444
Non-marketableR MillionApr/1913051995
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionApr/194646
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionApr/19-285829-278981
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionApr/1900
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionApr/19333935286731
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionApr/19377104537435667.95
External positionR MillionApr/19-2546775814
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionApr/19368252336331578.77
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionMay/19000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionMay/19515665465354.08
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionMay/196931896903279.33
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionMay/192616482666464.96
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ4/18-17133-58488
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ4/18325403317250
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ4/18324434334261
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/185617151782
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/185668656905
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/182255930096
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/184873277109
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/1865626727
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ4/181483714323
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ4/186155
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ4/18107102
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ4/184647
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ4/181662428358
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ4/18-23280-13033
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ4/18-821928712
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ4/18-29334-2817
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/18-3391317882
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ4/185184469939
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/18-47868-65430
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ4/18853-1991
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ4/18112724-8716
Reserve assetsR MillionQ4/18-61833812
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ4/1844830075
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionMay/194832949538
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionMay/19897902
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionMay/1920592070
GoldUS $ MillionMay/1952305170
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionMay/194014341396
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionMay/1900
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionApr/19708101719653
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionApr/19103750105406
Total imports (nsa)R MillionApr/19107178100402
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ4/1870107247
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1834253415
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1821772441
EquityR BillionQ4/1820362314
DebtR BillionQ4/18141127
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/1890112
Other investmentR BillionQ4/18576563
Reserve assetsR BillionQ4/18742715
LiabilitiesR BillionQ4/1864586452
Direct investmentR BillionQ4/1818541889
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ4/1835413587
EquityR BillionQ4/1823952445
DebtR BillionQ4/1811471142
Financial derivativesR BillionQ4/1891105
Other investmentR BillionQ4/18972871
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ4/18552795
External debtUS $ MillionQ4/18172384168147
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USMay/1914.437014.1544
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100May/1958.8559.43
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020185772656522

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change