SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2019-02-13
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ3/18115550912095.8
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ3/183446433436610.2
ManufacturingR MillionQ3/186046235672769.0
Electricity and waterR MillionQ3/181671241650717.3
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ3/181746791736886.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ3/186791016559217.6
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ3/184442854224256.7
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ3/189084478956556.7
Personal servicesR MillionQ3/182560142574224.9
General government servicesR MillionQ3/188048047943587.6
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ3/18449927043666856.7
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ3/18507083649302797.9
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ3/187064469545-9.6
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ3/18228080233377-4.1
ManufacturingR MillionQ3/183903703833481.3
Electricity and waterR MillionQ3/1865472656151.2
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ3/18107970108723-1.0
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ3/184293204259470.8
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ3/182715252677791.0
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ3/186475246438662.0
Personal servicesR MillionQ3/181703481700690.9
General Government ServicesR MillionQ3/184823244804741.1
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ3/18286357828487430.5
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ3/18315099531335550.6
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ3/18295918628999626.4
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ3/18107006210488138.8
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ3/188955648855603.7
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ3/1819177-10628
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ3/1812425473209
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ3/18506824248969159.9
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ3/181526927139581310.6
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ3/181524333136244918.0
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ3/18193561419281131.2
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ3/186437046402101.5
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ3/18607743615744-0.6
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ3/1812744-9149
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ3/18-1774-1628
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ3/18319803231732901.7
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ3/189746729233266.7
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ3/18102170996306110.5
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Dec/18103.8103.2
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Nov/18105.5105.7-0.1
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q3/18105.1105.10.2
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ4/1827.127.5
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q3/18168.5164.25.5
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Dec/18109.4109.64.5
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Dec/18110.7111.75.2
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ3/18447919427174
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ3/18465303418664
Of which: InterestR MillionQ3/186481126300
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ3/18-173838509
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ3/18-33348-29736
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ3/18-50732-21226
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ3/183027488384
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ3/18-40260-8152
DomesticR MillionQ3/18-6071259011
LoansR MillionQ3/18-461-336
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ3/18-6025159347
ForeignR MillionQ3/1800
LiabilitiesR MillionQ3/187053596536
DomesticR MillionQ3/187053571914
Currency and depositsR MillionQ3/1885
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ3/186895644800
LoansR MillionQ3/186151025
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ3/1896426089
ForeignR MillionQ3/18024622
Currency and depositsR MillionQ3/1800
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ3/1800
LoansR MillionQ3/18024622
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ3/18-2045767158
Central Government Operations
Cash-flow revenue (nsa)R MillionDec/1816059687441
Cash-flow expenditure (nsa)R MillionDec/18142871101408
Cash-flow balance (deficit -/surplus +)R MillionDec/1817725-13966
Plus: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionDec/180-4
Plus: Accrual adjustmentR MillionDec/18-425163
Net borrowing requirement (nsa)R MillionDec/1817300-13807
Treasury bills and short-term loansR MillionDec/18-56266319
Domestic government bondsR MillionDec/18-24717697
Other financing  (4)R MillionDec/18-2371-2364
Non-marketable bondsR MillionDec/185917
Loan levyR MillionDec/1800
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionDec/180-2
Change in cash balancesR MillionDec/18-9057-7843
Total net financing (nsa)R MillionDec/18-1730013807
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionDec/1827639882753068
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionDec/1824196262415485
BillsR MillionDec/18313498313170
BondsR MillionDec/1821061282102315
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionDec/1815010169
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionDec/187764477644
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionDec/18556825551534
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionDec/1814715091462968
Loan LeviesR MillionDec/1800
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionDec/185497560869
BillsR MillionDec/184328949243
BondsR MillionDec/181168511626
Floating rate bondR MillionDec/1800
Loan leviesR MillionDec/1800
Foreign DebtR MillionDec/18289341276668
MarketableR MillionDec/18287321274753
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionDec/182513024057
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionDec/183831336438
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionDec/18223878214258
Non-marketableR MillionDec/1820201915
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionDec/184646
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionDec/18-193917-193917
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionDec/180465692
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionDec/18287017307953
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionDec/18364740136232665.10
External positionR MillionDec/1827191-72729
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionDec/18354704635441195.59
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionJan/19000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionJan/193865152221-0.91
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionJan/1965781072946412.35
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionJan/192581822802287.57
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ3/18-57797-24676
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ3/18318199249474
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ3/18334285282707
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ3/185162048284
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ3/185673953576
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ3/182998414655
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ3/187723543964
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ3/1867275944
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ3/181432314377
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ3/185559
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ3/18102104
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ3/184745
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ3/183009745328
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ3/18-12788-3285
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ3/182790331633
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ3/18-2920-8860
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ3/181788216624
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ3/186993950414
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ3/18-63582-45459
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ3/18-164814703
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ3/18-850113095
Reserve assetsR MillionQ3/183812-23537
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ3/1827645-21618
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionJan/195083251641
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionJan/19826842
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionJan/1920872073
GoldUS $ MillionJan/1953355170
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionJan/194258443556
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionJan/1900
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionDec/18742333697322
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionDec/18102750118670
Total imports (nsa)R MillionDec/1885582115385
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ3/1872477369
Direct investmentR BillionQ3/1834153693
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ3/1824412310
EquityR BillionQ3/1823142188
DebtR BillionQ3/18127122
Financial derivativesR BillionQ3/18112116
Other investmentR BillionQ3/18563553
Reserve assetsR BillionQ3/18715696
LiabilitiesR BillionQ3/1864486576
Direct investmentR BillionQ3/1818851863
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ3/1835873717
EquityR BillionQ3/1824452589
DebtR BillionQ3/1811421128
Financial derivativesR BillionQ3/18105119
Other investmentR BillionQ3/18871877
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ3/18799793
External debtUS $ MillionQ3/18168147170811
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USJan/1913.861514.1784
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Jan/1960.3459.48
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020185772656522

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change