SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2017-12-14
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ3/171150319063217.2
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ3/173128823170014.9
ManufacturingR MillionQ3/175488415380764.0
Electricity and waterR MillionQ3/171522571516655.0
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ3/171595961646534.5
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ3/176378866265017.6
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ3/174227014069997.2
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ3/178501068413847.7
Personal servicesR MillionQ3/172425572399236.9
General government servicesR MillionQ3/177389267269488.3
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ3/17418078441037827.0
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ3/17466238946038856.5
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ3/17820107484225.2
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ3/172385642347773.7
ManufacturingR MillionQ3/17383326379277-0.3
Electricity and waterR MillionQ3/1763775646760.1
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ3/17108735109025-0.4
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ3/17421384421775-0.9
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ3/172648792644920.9
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ3/176248456229191.0
Personal servicesR MillionQ3/171680291676350.8
General Government ServicesR MillionQ3/17472908473797-0.4
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ3/17282845528132171.0
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ3/17310966130945251.0
National Accounts - at current prices
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ3/17275417827184756.0
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ3/179649739515187.2
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ3/178716018560412.8
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ3/17-12951141
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ3/17341919489
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ3/17459287645466644.5
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ3/17135797413809655.5
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ3/1712884611323745-1.5
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ3/17189701218847611.7
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ3/17633380634240-0.1
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ3/176176476112271.3
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ3/17-55275767
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ3/17-7354-6100
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ3/17313515831298960.7
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ3/179110429362602.8
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ3/179365399716311.7
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Oct/17100.8100.3
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Sep/1798.497.25.1
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q3/17115.2115.3-0.8
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ3/1727.727.7
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q3/17409.1404.16.8
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Nov/17104.2104.14.6
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Nov/17104.6104.15.1
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ3/17399877391988
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ3/17428932411015
Of which: InterestR MillionQ3/175623827622
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ3/17-29055-19027
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ3/17-34222-31336
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ3/17-63277-50363
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ3/175646689017
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ3/17-36012-6397
DomesticR MillionQ3/17-4286032249
LoansR MillionQ3/17-224-230
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ3/17-4263632479
ForeignR MillionQ3/1700
LiabilitiesR MillionQ3/179247895413
DomesticR MillionQ3/175869596682
Currency and depositsR MillionQ3/175-5
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ3/176047667879
LoansR MillionQ3/176411122
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ3/17-242227682
ForeignR MillionQ3/1733783-1269
Currency and depositsR MillionQ3/1700
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ3/1700
LoansR MillionQ3/1733783-1269
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ3/17-681138654
Central Government Operations
Revenue (nsa)R MillionOct/1776436100827
Of which: Extra-ordinary receiptsR MillionOct/1714801113
Expenditure (nsa)R MillionOct/17105053104490
Of which: InterestR MillionOct/17349814132
Extra-ordinary paymentsR MillionOct/1700
Deficit (-) / Surplus (+) (nsa)R MillionOct/17-28617-3663
PLUS: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionOct/17-4350
Net borrowing requirementR MillionOct/17-29052-3663
Treasury billsR MillionOct/17494916463
Domestic government bondsR MillionOct/1714223-3793
Other financing  (4)R MillionOct/17-1389-840
Non-marketable bondsR MillionOct/17-1590
Loan levyR MillionOct/1700
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionOct/17-63433895
Use of cash balancesR MillionOct/1711900-42061
Total financing (nsa)R MillionOct/17290493663
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionOct/1724512972418852
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionOct/1721369722112245
BillsR MillionOct/17291909285104
BondsR MillionOct/1718450621827141
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionOct/1700
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionOct/17100559100561
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionOct/17431501428991
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionOct/1713130021297589
Loan LeviesR MillionOct/1700
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionOct/175660358475
BillsR MillionOct/174515847015
BondsR MillionOct/171144511460
Floating rate bondR MillionOct/1700
Loan leviesR MillionOct/1700
Foreign DebtR MillionOct/17257703248111
MarketableR MillionOct/17253434242888
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionOct/1700
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionOct/175824455809
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionOct/17195190187079
Non-marketableR MillionOct/1742695224
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionOct/172020
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionOct/17-241514-241514
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionAug/17293119293119
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionOct/17251947235561
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionOct/17339441233998165.43
External positionR MillionOct/172761158589
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionOct/17332214933166065.01
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionOct/1700
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionOct/175346555055-21.07
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionOct/176762386541316.47
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionOct/172385252352886.26
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ3/17-43162-18166
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ3/17282531274932
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ3/17278204269711
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ3/175064148377
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ3/175328054101
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ3/172308214126
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ3/177321639450
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ3/1758695396
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ3/171606416356
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ3/175863
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ3/17101103
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ3/174340
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ3/17174323176
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ3/17-57019-30424
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ3/17192433879
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ3/17-16789-9412
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ3/178842674730
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ3/173515758418
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ3/17-39343-59627
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ3/17-33215-3104
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ3/1754290-29388
Reserve assetsR MillionQ3/17-33318-1896
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ3/172567214863
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionNov/175029748903
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionNov/17654657
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionNov/1721132097
GoldUS $ MillionNov/1751585131
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionNov/174237241018
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionNov/1700
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionOct/17689287666634
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionOct/17104508102220
Total imports (nsa)R MillionOct/179994697737
International investment position as at end of quarter
AssetsR BillionQ2/1762906068
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1728032591
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1722762245
EquityR BillionQ2/1721572132
DebtR BillionQ2/17119113
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/178695
Other investmentR BillionQ2/17507519
Reserve assetsR BillionQ2/17618618
LiabilitiesR BillionQ2/1756345622
Direct investmentR BillionQ2/1718301842
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ2/1729422879
EquityR BillionQ2/1719641947
DebtR BillionQ2/17978932
Financial derivativesR BillionQ2/1792102
Other investmentR BillionQ2/17770799
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ2/17656447
External debtUS $ MillionQ2/17158533152128
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USNov/1714.078213.6756
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2010 = 100Nov/1758.0659.73
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020175652255620

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change