SARB - Economic and Financial data for SA
Economic and Financial Data for South Africa
RSA FlagContact persons: Mr Patrick Maumela
South African Reserve Bank
Phone: +27 12 313 4406
Fax: +27 12 313 4013
0861 12 7272(SARB)
Internet e-mail :
Last Update Period: 2020-09-10
SDDS data category and componentUnit
Date of
% change
over same
period of
Real Sector Fiscal Sector Financial Sector External Sector Population
Real Sectorsee DSBB
GDP at current prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)   (17)(18)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/2010642111933312.4
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ2/20300719392818-20.4
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/20457672605941-23.3
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/20149166176748-13.6
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/20120137168402-30.8
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/20524433703608-22.9
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/20334848446140-24.1
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/20819066902673-7.4
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/20239998277161-10.5
General government servicesR MillionQ2/208480648430843.5
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/2039005244635909-13.5
GDP at market prices (current, sa)R MillionQ2/2042977615211119-15.4
GDP at constant 2010 prices, by production approach (seasonally adjusted annualised rates)   (17)(18)
Agriculture, forestry and fishingR MillionQ2/2074361717946.9
Mining and quarryingR MillionQ2/20154192214017-32.9
ManufacturingR MillionQ2/20263733372466-31.8
Electricity and waterR MillionQ2/205619262930-14.0
Construction (contractors)R MillionQ2/2070040100665-33.5
Wholesale and retail trade, catering and accommodationR MillionQ2/20324437430141-24.9
Transport, storage and communicationR MillionQ2/20200789266796-27.1
Finance and insurance, real estate and business servicesR MillionQ2/20612771667396-6.3
Personal servicesR MillionQ2/20156629172771-9.0
General Government ServicesR MillionQ2/204893624901290.6
Total value added at basic pricesR MillionQ2/2024025072849104-16.5
GDP at market prices (constant, sa)R MillionQ2/2026176643129488-17.2
National Accounts - at current prices   (17)
Private consumption expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/2026531603124750-12.9
Consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/20111117611047583.0
Gross domestic fixed investment (sa)R MillionQ2/20694116871296-24.1
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/20-131558-112314
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/20-6390528085
Gross domestic expenditureR MillionQ2/2042629895016575-16.9
Exports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/2011766451590120-21.4
Imports of goods and non-factor services (sa)R MillionQ2/2011418731395576-26.0
National Accounts - at constant 2010 prices  (17)
Final consumption expenditure by household (sa)R MillionQ2/2016560671967226-15.4
Final consumption expenditure by general government (sa)R MillionQ2/206544976559130.5
Gross fixed capital formation (sa)R MillionQ2/20451384567201-25.6
Change in inventories (sa)R MillionQ2/20-74041-66025
Residual item (sa)R MillionQ2/20200533557
Gross domestic expenditure (sa)R MillionQ2/2027079603127871-16.7
Exports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/20653363905682-27.4
Imports of goods and services (sa)R MillionQ2/20743658904065-25.0
Manufacturing Production Index (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2015 = 100Jul/2088.081.8
Leading indicator  (16)2010 = 100Jun/2094.191.6-9.1
Employment (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (1)(15)2000 = 100Q1/20106.9106.80.1
Unemployment rate (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (2)per centQ1/2030.129.1
Wages/Earnings (sa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website  (3)(15)2000 = 100Q1/20175.1178.54.2
Consumer Prices (nsa)2016/12 = 100Jul/20116.4114.93.2
Producer Prices (nsa) Please see the statement regarding updating of info on the STATS SA website2016/12 =100Jul/20116.0114.61.9
Fiscal Sectorsee DSBB
General Government Operations  (17)
Cash receipts from operating activitiesR MillionQ1/20552022487750
Cash payments for operating activitiesR MillionQ1/20575090488570
Of which: InterestR MillionQ1/207952430392
Net cash-flow from operating activitiesR MillionQ1/20-23068-820
Net cash-flow from investment activitiesR MillionQ1/20-34134-28933
Cash surplus/deficitR MillionQ1/20-57202-29753
Net cash-flow from financing activitiesR MillionQ1/20-2544851679
Financial assets other than cashR MillionQ1/20-32167-17197
DomesticR MillionQ1/20-1148184729
LoansR MillionQ1/2017363
Other domestic financial assetsR MillionQ1/20-1149914666
ForeignR MillionQ1/2000
LiabilitiesR MillionQ1/20671968877
DomesticR MillionQ1/201876569270
Currency and depositsR MillionQ1/2000
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ1/202967278438
LoansR MillionQ1/20280-35
Other domestic liabilitiesR MillionQ1/20-11187-9132
ForeignR MillionQ1/20-12046-394
Currency and depositsR MillionQ1/2000
Securities other than sharesR MillionQ1/2000
LoansR MillionQ1/20-12046-394
Net change in the stock of cashR MillionQ1/20-8265021926
Central Government Operations
Cash-flow revenue (nsa)R MillionJul/2064026108178
Cash-flow expenditure (nsa)R MillionJul/20159426134004
Cash-flow balance (deficit -/surplus +)R MillionJul/20-95400-25826
Plus: Cost/profit on revaluation of foreign debt at redemptionR MillionJul/200-3095
Plus: Accrual adjustmentR MillionJul/20-269576659
Net borrowing requirement (nsa)R MillionJul/20-122357-22262
Treasury bills and short-term loansR MillionJul/202629011568
Domestic government bondsR MillionJul/205942441251
Other financing  (4)R MillionJul/203381-1979
Non-marketable bondsR MillionJul/20-155463
Loan levyR MillionJul/2000
Foreign bonds and loansR MillionJul/2086912-5604
Change in cash balancesR MillionJul/20-53650-22973
Total net financing (nsa)R MillionJul/2012235722262
Central Government Debt
Total gross loan debt (nsa)R MillionJul/2036117433442402
Domestic Marketable (nsa)R MillionJul/2030815092998712
BillsR MillionJul/20375562358977
BondsR MillionJul/2027059472639735
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionJul/204896548965
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionJul/20184759185025
Exceeding 3 but not 10 yearsR MillionJul/20797967761214
Exceeding 10 yearsR MillionJul/2016742561644531
Loan LeviesR MillionJul/2000
Domestic non-marketable (nsa)R MillionJul/209192882378
BillsR MillionJul/207671967015
BondsR MillionJul/201520915364
Floating rate bondR MillionJul/2000
Loan leviesR MillionJul/2000
Foreign DebtR MillionJul/20438260361266
MarketableR MillionJul/20438245361251
Not exceeding 1 yearR MillionJul/2000
Exceeding 1 but not 3 yearsR MillionJul/202156522162
Exceeding 3 yearsR MillionJul/20416680339089
Non-marketableR MillionJul/201515
Other Debt (nsa)  (4)R MillionJul/204646
Gold and Foreign Exchange Contingency Reserve Account (nsa)R MillionJul/20-436062-436062
Government guaranteed debt  (14)R MillionJul/2000
Financial Sectorsee DSBB
Analytical Accounts of the Banking Sector
Domestic credit to the government sector (net) (nsa)R MillionJul/20360645397977
Domestic credit to the private sector (nsa)R MillionJul/20398187139946575.12
External positionR MillionJul/207543631396
Monetary aggregate : M3 (nsa)  (5)R MillionJul/204138612410132310.46
Analytical Accounts of the Central Bank
Domestic claims on the private sector (nsa)R MillionAug/20000.00
Domestic claims on the government sector (nsa)R MillionAug/209480711304949.70
External position - net foreign assets (nsa)R MillionAug/2092227096967522.90
Reserve Money (m0) (nsa)  (6)R MillionAug/2030753730766315.71
External Sectorsee DSBB
Balance of Payments  (7)(17)
Current account (nsa)R MillionQ1/20-646857
Goods: exports (nsa)R MillionQ1/20303635319859
Goods: imports (nsa)R MillionQ1/20290463314718
Services: credit (nsa)R MillionQ1/205291756776
Services: debit (nsa)R MillionQ1/205011658363
Income: credit (nsa)R MillionQ1/203578225423
Income: debit (nsa)R MillionQ1/207387843197
Current transfers: credit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ1/2072977251
Current transfers: debit (nsa)  (8)R MillionQ1/201591916168
Capital account (nsa)R MillionQ1/206462
Capital account: credit (nsa)R MillionQ1/20100102
Capital account: debit (nsa)R MillionQ1/203640
Financial account  (9)R MillionQ1/201664910071
Direct investment abroadR MillionQ1/20-9210-12445
Direct investment in reporting economyR MillionQ1/202901210528
Portfolio investment, assetsR MillionQ1/20795798734
Portfolio investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ1/20-975589347
Financial derivatives, assetsR MillionQ1/208776052263
Financial derivatives, liabilitiesR MillionQ1/20-73697-50837
Other investment, assetsR MillionQ1/20-9342124621
Other investment, liabilitiesR MillionQ1/2052024-42016
Reserve assetsR MillionQ1/20421609876
Net errors and omissionsR MillionQ1/20-10245-10190
Official Reserve Assets  (10)US $ MillionAug/205574857876
IMF reserve positionUS $ MillionAug/20944941
Special drawing rightsUS $ MillionAug/2020932085
GoldUS $ MillionAug/2079287942
Foreign currency reservesUS $ MillionAug/204478346908
Other reserve assetsUS $ MillionAug/2000
Template on International Reserves and foreign currency liquidityR MillionJul/20982221906785
Merchandise Trade (nsa)  (13)
Total exports (nsa)R MillionJul/20122490115425
Total imports (nsa)R MillionJul/208506669693
International investment position as at end of quarter  (17)
AssetsR BillionQ1/2076776927
Direct investmentR BillionQ1/2034012917
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ1/2022832570
EquityR BillionQ1/2020962412
DebtR BillionQ1/20186159
Financial derivativesR BillionQ1/20270121
Other investmentR BillionQ1/20785548
Reserve assetsR BillionQ1/20938772
LiabilitiesR BillionQ1/2061036480
Direct investmentR BillionQ1/2019032070
Portfolio investmentR BillionQ1/2028233390
EquityR BillionQ1/2015742105
DebtR BillionQ1/2012491285
Financial derivativesR BillionQ1/20272109
Other investmentR BillionQ1/201104911
Net position (external financial assets minus liabilities)R BillionQ1/201574447
External debt  (17)US $ MillionQ1/20155624185358
Exchange rates
Monthly exchange rate of the rand against the US dollarRand per USAug/2017.230816.7714
Nominal effective exchange rate  (11)2015 = 100Aug/2076.7280.08
POPULATION(mid-year estimates as at 30 June)  (12)'00020205962258793

1. Employment in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
2. Sources of basic data : Labour force survey by Statistics South Africa. Back
3. Remuneration per worker at current prices in the non-agricultural sectors. Back
4. Includes the debt and liabilities of the former TBVC-countries and self-governing states that were assumed by the national government in terms of Section 230 of the second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, as well as the liability assumed for the payment of the debts incurred by the Republic of Namibia as contemplated in Subsection (1) of Section 52C of the Exchequer Act No 66 of 1975, as amended. Back
5. Notes and coin in circulation outside the monetary sector plus all deposits of the private sector with the monetary sector. Back
6. Notes and coin in circulation outside the SARB plus required reserve balances of banks and mutual banks with the SARB. Back
7. The Reserve Bank disseminates all the main components of the balance of payments as prescribed by the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
8. Gross current transfer receipts and gross current transfer payments, as described in the sixth edition of the IMF's "Balance of Payments Manual". Back
9. Including reserve assets but excluding unrecorded transactions. Back
10. Total gross foreign reserves of the Reserve Bank. Balance as at the end of the month. Back
11. Monthly average exchange rate against the twenty most important currencies. Back
12. The mid-year estimates are based on the 2011 population census. The census for 2011 yielded an estimated population of 51.6 million people. Back
13. Preliminary figures from South African Revenue Services; not adjusted for Balance of Payments purposes. Back
14. Amounts recorded in the accounts of National Treasury are kept constant for the following three months. Back
15. This information is obtained from a discussion document published by Statistics South Africa. For more information visit STATSSA . Back
16. Components revised. See "Note on the revision of composite leading and coincident business cycle indicators" in the March 2004 Quarterly Bulletin. Previous and new indices were linked in January 1994. Back
17. The dissemination of these data categories is delayed due to the public health emergency in South Africa caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. A media release by the South African Reserve Bank (SARB) on the 25th of May 2020 provides more information on the impact of the pandemic in the collection as well as dissemination of economic statistics and it can be found on the following link. Back
18. A Press Statement by Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) on the 17th of April 2020 provide more information regarding the impact of Covid-19 pandemic on the collection and dissemination of economic statistics in South Africa; and it can be found on the following link. Back

Quarters Q1 through Q4 apply to calendar years
SARB = South African Reserve Bank
sa = seasonally adjusted
STATS SA = Statistics South Africa
SARS = South African Revenue Service
nsa = not seasonally adjusted
( ) indicates a negative percentage change